What if the temperature is 39? Antipyretic at high temperature
Body temperature indicators indicate how healthy a person is. When the body fails, the temperature starts to rise rapidly. But even a sharp increase in it cannot be a cause for panic. It is possible to call an ambulance, because the testimony of a thermometer 39 and above is quite a serious reason, the team of doctors will come quickly. And how to bring down the temperature of 39 in an adult before the arrival of doctors? This is what we will try to find out.
The reasons for the increase in temperature
High temperatures are always the result of serious processes in the body. Especially when accompanied by pain in the gastrointestinal tract, throat. These are disturbing symptoms, indicating a certain pathology. In this state, a person experiences unpleasant sensations - weakness, weakness, apathy, lack of appetite, poor sleep, general malaise.
What if the temperature is 39? First of all, it is necessary to find out the causes of pathology. Most often they may be:
- Infectious diseases.
- Extensive inflammatory purulent processes.
- Poisoning by any chemical means, for example, drug.
- Disorder of the endocrine system of the body.
There may be other reasons that cause such a high fever. In particular, when a small child has teeth. In an adult, this condition may be accompanied, for example, by a toothache, which is just evidence of a strong inflammatory process.
High temperature in an adult
An increase in body temperature suggests that the body resists infection. Since pathogenic bacteria cannot withstand the high temperature, some of them die even when the environment changes by just a few degrees. Like all living beings, a person has an optimal mode in which his body can fight the disease. However, a temperature of 42 degrees is the limit beyond which death will follow in most cases.
There is a thermoregulation center in the brain. The signal for fever is given by substances - prostaglandins, which the body itself synthesizes when an inflammatory process occurs. After such a signal is received, the brain center of thermoregulation gives the "command". The body reacts and uses all its reserves to raise body temperature and maintain it until the inflammatory process is eliminated. After that, the blood biochemistry is normalized, and the thermoregulation center sends a signal that the body should switch to a normal temperature regime of 36.6 degrees.
What diseases can cause fever?
Most often, if the temperature is 39, cold, then it may be symptoms of cold and flu. However, it is not always these diseases themselves that are the cause, and their complications are pneumonia, otitis, rhinitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, and sinusitis. Meningitis belongs to the group of colds, but infection can occur not as a result of hypothermia. Sometimes this infection is transmitted, for example, with poorly purified drinking water.
The other group is the urogenital diseases. Acute pyelonephritis, for example, always causes a very high temperature. This may be an exacerbation of chronic processes, such as prostatitis or inflammation of the ovaries.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are also accompanied by a significant increase in temperature. Moreover, it is not only infections, such as dysentery, salmonellosis, rotavirus and others. Acute processes of chronic liver disease, pancreas often give a high temperature. Not to mention the banal poisoning of poor-quality food or overeating. Particularly dangerous appendicitis.
It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that high temperature can cause joint inflammation, arthritis, sciatica, gum diseases, furunculosis and other pathologies.
It is therefore very important to determine the cause and other symptoms, in addition to fever, which should be paid serious attention.
What are the symptoms associated with fever?
The main symptoms are familiar to most people. These are, first of all, various painful sensations - in the throat or abdomen, in the joints and muscles, in the head, in the lower back.In determining the pathology, you need to focus on pain first of all. It should be noted that it is impossible to diagnose oneself, especially when a person is in pain. Determine exactly the disease can only be a doctor. You can lose valuable time by self-healing, and at best, the acute process will turn into a chronic one. In the worst situation there will be a deadly threat.
Fever, in addition to pain, is accompanied by other symptoms - nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, this indicates the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. Cough, runny nose, breathing difficulties - colds and flu. Urinary problems - renal pathology, prostatitis.
Typically, a high temperature is accompanied by chills and a feverish state, which is then strengthened, then weakened. Sometimes there is even confusion. Therefore, a person at such a moment cannot be alone, without supervision.
You need to know that the temperature of 39 degrees and above can hold on for several days in a row, and in fact the forces of the body are not limitless. Therefore you should not hope that everything “will pass by itself” and the temperature will decrease.It is better to call a doctor who will make a professional examination of the patient and determine the cause of the disease, prescribe treatment.
Temperature 39 without symptoms
Sometimes the fever may not be accompanied by any symptoms. The cause of such a fever may be banal fatigue, severe stress, physical overload.
The development of collagenosis begins almost asymptomatically. This condition gives a strong fever, sweating and chills. Only after some time there is pain in the joints, muscles, changes in the skin on the face begin.
Rheumatoid arthritis also gives a strong fever, and at first it does not manifest itself with other symptoms that accompany this disease. Also, thyrotoxicosis begins with no obvious manifestations, in which the amount of hormones in the thyroid gland increases dramatically. A little later, symptoms appear - tachycardia.
Overdose of some drugs is also accompanied by a rise in temperature without showing other signs at first. After a few days, a skin rash appears.
High temperature in a child
Children, especially in the first years of life, endure fever much worse than adolescent children. What is the danger of high fever in a child? Heart rate increases, breathing becomes faster, it becomes heavy and intermittent. There is a headache, loss of appetite, weakness. In general, the whole body is included in the process, it works in an enhanced mode.
In newborn babies, thermoregulation is imperfect. Therefore, an increase in temperature is often not the result of an infection in the body or an inflammatory process.
The body of a child up to three years gives up more heat to the external environment than it perceives. Therefore, hypothermia at this age can often lead to the development of a cold.
At the same time the temperature of up to 38 degrees for young children is not dangerous. On the contrary, it indicates that the child’s body is actively fighting the disease. Temperatures up to 39 degrees are usually unpleasant for the baby to feel, but this is how you can significantly reduce the infection. When the thermometer reads more than thirty-nine degrees - the situationit becomes dangerous because it can cause complications, since the load on the cardiovascular system is too large. This pathological condition may be accompanied by convulsions.
Therefore, parents need to carefully monitor the situation. Try not to reduce the temperature with drugs, if it does not exceed 39 degrees. It is easy to alleviate the child's condition, if possible, so that he can safely endure this period. To change his clothes in cotton clothes, to remove all external irritants - turn off the TV, computer, extra light. Provide a calm atmosphere, warm drink.
It must be remembered that viruses easily adapt to antibiotics, and the only thing that can cope with them safely is the child’s own immunity.
Doctors emphasize that a rise in temperature indicates a generally healthy child’s body. Need to worry when the infectious disease proceeds without a fever.
There are some contraindications - children up to three months dangerous fever. Therefore, if a temperature increase is accompanied by a fever, then measures should be taken immediately.
Dangerous for children who already have chronic diseases of a neurological nature, cardiovascular, temperature will be above thirty-eight degrees.
When the situation develops too actively, and the temperature exceeds the limit of thirty-nine degrees, it is time to take action. What if the temperature is 39? First of all, you need to call a doctor. While waiting for his arrival, you can take medication.
How to bring down the temperature of 39 at home? All pharmacies now offer a wide range of special antipyretic drugs. These are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They are sold without a prescription.
Paracetamol is one of the most common and effective antipyretic drugs at high temperatures. Its effect is to reduce the production of prostaglandins in the body. Thus, paracetamol does not eliminate the cause of the disease, it only fights the symptoms.
“Analgin” is the most powerful remedy against rising temperatures, and emergency doctors also use it to reduce excessive thermometer readings.
Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid - help to bring down the temperature well, if the reason for its appearance is an infection. Very effective and reliable tool that is known to mankind for more than a hundred years. However, people with chronic gastrointestinal diseases should take this drug with caution so as not to provoke exacerbations. Therefore, in order not to irritate the stomach, you need to take aspirin tablets of a water-soluble form. Pregnant, nursing mothers are better to replace this drug with another, safer one. Women in the menstrual and postpartum period is also better not to take aspirin, as it dilutes the blood and can cause bleeding.
"Ibuprofen" - the safest febrifuge at high temperatures. It is successfully prescribed to children, side effects are minimal, there are practically no contraindications.
How to bring down the temperature of 39 in an adult? There are really great folk remedies that are used in addition to medications and facilitate the overall condition of the body.
What if the temperature is 39? A warm drink is recommended.Various herbal teas are perfect for this. Well-chosen herbs will help maintain immunity, remove toxins from the body, relieve symptoms - sore throat or stomach, eliminate nausea, reduce headache. And further reduce body temperature.
One of the most effective means in the fight against colds is tea with raspberries. You can use both jam and dried berries. Even the leaves will do. Brew this drink by adding raspberries to regular black tea.
Perfect linden tea, mint, with the addition of black currant leaves and chamomile flowers. You can brew these herbs separately, add to regular tea and raspberries. Make from these dried plants a herbal collection.
When gastrointestinal problems make broth hips, St. John's wort, nettle, oak bark. To reduce the temperature in renal diseases, cowberry leaves, corn silk, bear ears, horsetail are suitable.
What if the temperature is 39? An effective remedy that relieves the symptoms and helps to reduce it is a compress. Usually they are applied briefly to different parts of the body: to the forehead, wrists, temples.The point is to act on the skin and thus reduce the level of heat transfer.
For a compress from a temperature suitable water at room temperature. You can make a decoction of mint, which creates on the skin a pleasant sensation of coolness due to the evaporation of the essential oils contained in the plant. Of course, such a decoction after cooking should first be drained and then cooled.
Fabric for a compress should be taken cotton.
Change the compress should be every ten minutes, so that the fabric does not have time to heat up, was constantly cool.
This method will help reduce fever faster. However, we must remember that a sharp decrease in temperature will not only be unnecessary stress for the body, but also lead to undesirable side effects - heartbeat, for example. In addition, if the temperature has dropped too quickly, it can also rise sharply. It is too hard for a weakened organism, and can only lead to a deterioration of the general condition.