What good things for the Soviet people did Lawrence Beria
What kind of epithets Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria was awarded to his contemporaries and descendants. He was called the executioner and bloodthirsty monster, libertine and tyrant. However, the identity of Beria is not as unambiguous as it seems at first glance. And, perhaps, the Soviet people did have something to thank Lavrenty Pavlovich for.
According to eyewitnesses, during the time of Beria in Georgia, the first toast at the festive table was invariably pronounced in his honor - a brilliant business executive and organizer Beria turned an undeveloped republic into a prosperous land.
At the very beginning of his career, it was Beria who headed the Communist Party of Georgia. It was at this time that mass collectivization was taking place throughout the USSR. In Georgia, things were very bad. By 1931, only 36% of farms were united in collective farms. Realizing that at such a pace things will not soon get off the ground, Beria decides not to touch private traders any more, but to end hunger with the help of shock harvests.Instead of ordinary wheat on the collective farms of Georgia began to grow citrus, tea and tobacco.
Kolkhoz get rich in his eyes. Productivity has increased tenfold, and more recently privateers who resisted collectivization voluntarily joined collective farms. Moreover, it was Beria who made a real Soviet resort out of Georgia, and also raised the level of education.
In the same way, Lawrence Pavlovich raised other lagging republics of the Union. Locals were very pleased with the work of a talented manager. At the same time, it was Beria who was in charge of the deportation of peoples, it was his hand that signed numerous firing lists. And, perhaps, at the table laid, Georgian hearts were filled with not at all gratitude, but fear ...
In the greedy repression of 1937, the NKVD was headed not by Beria, but by the notorious comrade Yezhov. It was at the time when Beria took the reins in his hands, in 1938, that such a notion as “Beria thaw” appeared. Many high-ranking employees of the People's Commissariat were removed from their posts and arrested. Cases of prisoners were reviewed, carefully checked the complaints of their relatives.
By approximate calculations, from 1938 to 1941 more than 150 thousand people were released from detention. For exceeding their authority, 227 employees of the NKVD were prosecuted. Of these, 19 people received the death penalty - execution. Beria is the author of such an invention as sharashka. In 1939, he organized the Special Technical Bureau, where studies are conducted necessary for the successful conduct of hostilities. This aircraft and shipbuilding, and tank construction.
Scientists, engineers and designers who could be useful in these areas, worked in sharashkah, and some were completely released from prisons. The aircraft designer Tupolev, the future Marshal Rokossovsky, the microbiologist Zilber, the spouse of Kotin designer Anastasia Poklonnova and many others were released. We can not say that the repression began to stop. Whether they have shrunk or developed into a new wave is also a big question. However, people inspired by the liberation of themselves or their loved ones, of course, could look at Beria with some hope.
In 1953, Beria was accused of treason and conspiracy to seize power.In the same year he was shot. The editors of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia immediately sent out recommendations to their subscribers about the need to remove the portrait and all information about Beria from the publication. The recommendations were fully implemented. Stopped to remember the enemy of the people and in festive toasts.