Ultrasound of the prostate gland: preparation. Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate gland
The prostate gland is a "weak spot" in the body of every man, especially after 40 years. Hypothermia, tumor processes, infections and even how active sex life is in a man can negatively affect her condition. To establish the condition of the prostate, the doctor performs its probing, prescribes a biopsy. And the most reliable, fast and efficient procedure for diagnosing ailments is an ultrasound scan of the prostate gland. How to prepare for it, how to conduct this study, what types of ultrasound examinations exist in this case - read about all this in the article.
Indications for study
Ultrasound of the prostate gland is prescribed by a doctor in the case when there are any symptoms of prostate pathology. These include: pain in the perineum or sacrum,difficulties in emptying the bladder, impaired potency, a feeling of a full bladder immediately after using the toilet, problems with conception, and so on. These signs indicate a particular violation in the work of this organ, so an ultrasound scan of the prostate gland is appointed on a mandatory basis.
Where and why to do the procedure?
If you have certain problems, and you consider it necessary to be examined, then you do not need to flee to the first clinic to undergo the procedure. First go to the urologist. He will carefully listen to all your complaints, conduct a proper examination, make assumptions about the causes of the illness and refer you to an ultrasound scan of the prostate gland, if this is really necessary. Then, when you already have the results of the study, you can go to the same doctor who is in control of the situation so that he will prescribe the necessary medications for you.
In principle, every man, if he wishes, can independently register for an ultrasound of the prostate gland. How this procedure is carried out, they will tell him in the place where they will carry it out. We consider this question a little lower.It remains to say that there are not so many people willing to do ultrasound for prophylaxis. Yes, it is not necessary if you are 20-30 years old, you are healthy and full of energy. But after forty it is desirable to undergo an ultrasound of the prostate gland annually. Preparation does not take much time, but then you will be calm for your health.
Preparation for the procedure
This process depends on how the ultrasound scan is performed. The procedure is carried out either transabdominal (by means of examination by the sensor of the anterior abdominal wall), or transrectally (directly through the rectum).
Preparation for transabdominal examination
What you need to know if you are assigned an ultrasound of the prostate gland? Transabdominal research is carried out quickly, easily, it does not require special preparation. The main thing is to appear on the procedure with a filled bladder. The prostate is located in the place where the bladder enters the urethra, therefore, without such preparation, it is quite difficult to see it. But when there is a space between the gland and the sensor that is filled with fluid, the procedure becomes effective, as the organ is well visualized.
It is necessary to fill the bubble moderately in order to feel only the slight urge to empty it. An hour before the ultrasound should drink about a liter of fluid. It is necessary to correctly calculate the time. After all, if the bubble is not filled enough, you will have to wait, postponing the survey process indefinitely. And if it is full, then the patient will feel discomfort when moving the sensor, because it is accompanied by a slight pressure.
Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate gland - what you need to know when preparing?
Before such a type of research, it is necessary to start a diet for two or three days in order to eliminate increased gas formation, diarrhea and constipation. In the evening (on the eve of the procedure) and on the day of the examination it will be necessary to do cleansing enemas. Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate gland is performed on an empty stomach. Only if it is scheduled for the evening can a light breakfast be allowed.
How do ultrasound transabdominal way
So, you are assigned an ultrasound of the prostate gland. Preparation carried out, proceed to the description of the process. It is performed less frequently than the transrectal method, but is still assigned for diagnosis. It happens that in this way the prostate is examined “at the same time” with the abdominal organs.The patient is located on the couch, exposes the stomach. Then a special conductive gel is applied to the skin, allowing you to remove the air layer between the skin and the sensor. The doctor moves the sensor over the corresponding part of the body, and sees the corresponding images on the screen. He carefully examines everything, measures, determines violations, and simultaneously examines the bladder. About 10 minutes of time is taken by such a procedure as an ultrasound of the prostate gland. Standards or deviations are recorded in the conclusion of a specialist, which is given to the patient.
How to do ultrasound transrectal way
This is the method that the representatives of the stronger sex are most ashamed of, afraid of and avoiding in every way. And in vain. This method is considered the most reliable and efficient, it is not so scary as it seems at first. But it is very informative that is an ultrasound of the prostate gland. How is this manipulation, we consider right now.
The patient exposes the lower body, is located on the couch back to the doctor. In this case, the patient must bend the legs and tighten the knees to the stomach. Then a special sensor is inserted into the patient's rectum, which is advanced to the location of the prostate. Thus, it is investigated.For hygienic purposes, a condom is put on the sensor beforehand, and in order to facilitate the procedure, it is smeared with a special gel.
Of course, transrectal ultrasound is hardly pleasant, but it cannot be considered painful. The sensor is approximately 1.5 cm in diameter, so it does not stretch and does not injure the rectum, which many people fear. Yes, and immerse it no more than 5-7 cm. You just need to relax and tune in to the procedure properly, then it will not cause much discomfort.
What is considered normal?
In the process of research, a lot of indicators are recorded that speak about a healthy body or certain deviations. In the framework of the norm, the prostate should have even and symmetrical contours, a uniform structure. Ideally, the anterior-posterior size should be 1.5-2.5 cm, the transverse one - within the normal range - 2.7-4.2 cm, and the longitudinal dimension is 2.4-4.0 cm. The volume, which is calculated by special formula, normally should not exceed 25 cm cubic. Deviation from these indicators indicates the presence of pathology, which should be treated only by a qualified specialist.
What illnesses can ultrasound reveal?
This procedure allows you to learn about the many diseases available. Among them:
- Hyperplasia. This is a condition in which iron significantly (not always) increases in size due to the growth of its own tissues.
- Adenoma. This is a benign tissue growth. The gland is not only enlarged, adenomatous nodes often appear in it.
- Stones. It happens so that small stones are formed in the ducts of the prostate gland.
- Cancer. On ultrasound, this formation is an asymmetrically located lesion, which can grow into other organs.
- Prostatitis. The contours of the gland on ultrasound uneven, echostructure its heterogeneous.
- Prostate cysts. During the examination bubbles may be detected that are filled with fluid.
In this article, we described a procedure such as ultrasound of the prostate gland. The price for the examination is not too high, for example, for the procedure performed transabdominal, you will pay about 800 rubles, transrectally - 1200-1500 rubles. In this matter, the main thing - not the price, but health. You pay for longevity, for timely detection of pathologies, the treatment of which will allow you to avoid negative consequences and enjoy a full life. Be healthy!