The USSR is a country of stolen goods.
They recently said in Russia that now they, in response to sanctions, can start producing goods without the permission of American and European copyright holders - voices were heard from the State Duma that allegedly "such a measure would hit the back of the Americans because the blow was inflicted on intellectual property law" . Back in Russia, they will no longer import goods produced in the United States and Europe, and also completely abandon European and American medicines - "beat your own, so that others are afraid," they will now punish the now snobby Anglo-Saxons)
What is the most funny and sad thing at the same time - Russia is walking along a slippery path trodden bythe USSR- it was there that they decided to go on confrontation with the entire civilized world and steal achievements and technologies. How it ended for the USSR - I don’t need to remind, I think.
In today's big and interesting post, we will see how things were stolen in the USSR, we learn that even the “Zaporozhets” was stolen and we will think about those who actually invented the Kalashnikov assault rifle.
In general, come under the cat, stock up on popcorn,add me to friendsetc.
Maybe you have not heard about it, but a huge part of industrial products in the USSR - from tanks and aircraft to children's whistles - was completely copied from Western analogues, for convenience, I divided the "copy-paste" into several sections, but keep in mind that this only the tip of the iceberg — the “flayed” devices were hundreds of times larger.
Even such a saint of saints of all the USSR fans, like Soviet military equipment and weapons, was copied in some places from their Western counterparts. The motion vector is always the same - first the device appeared in foreign bourgeoisie, for example, at the damned white Finns, and then the same device suddenly appeared in the USSR - "invented" by some talented blacksmith from Ust-Chuguevsk, to whom the Soviet authorities provided all the opportunities for revealing their talent .
Here, for example, the PPD submachine gun, created by Degtyarev in 1934 and served, in fact, as a prototype for the better-known PPSh, which became the most massive Soviet submachine gun of the Second World War.
But the Finnish submachine gun "Suomi", created three years earlier - in 1931. Tell me, do you see a fundamental difference in these designs? I only see another mountthe disk store - and in the Degtyarev variant it is obviously less reliable - the disc does not sink in the box, as in a Finnish submachine gun, but mounted on some kind of remote latch, which in battle can easily be bent, fall off, etc.
Another example is a Kalashnikov assault rifle. The upper picture shows the AK, released in 1947 (and adopted by the SA in 1949), the lower picture shows the Sturmgever-44, also known as the Schmeisser rifle, released in 1944 in an amount of about 450,000 pieces. USSR fans do not get tired of proving that this is supposedly "two fundamentally different devices", but in my opinion, AK and Sturmgever-44 are very similar.
Do not forget that after the war the designer Schmeisser was transported to Izhevsk along with all his design bureau and worked, in fact, in a closed "sharashka" just in those years when Michael Kalashnikov, secretary of the Komsomol organization worked there. After Schmeisser’s departure in 1947 back to Germany, the “genius of Kalashnikov” in 66 years no longer created anything new — not some new machine gun, not a rifle, nothing.
Think about who actually created the "legendary Kalash."
Well, ok, the machines copied.But even if the guns in the USSR had their own? - you ask. Yes, maybe something was, but for example, the widely known PM, or Makarov pistol (which is still the main pistol of police and army personnel in many post-Soviet countries) was also copied. See for yourself - this is the well-known to all of you Makarov pistol, created in 1948:
But the German pistol walter PPK, released in 1931. Tell me - do you see any fundamental difference between these two devices? The principle of operation, size, location of the main nodes - everything is almost identical.
Fans of the USSR often post in my comments pictures - look, they say, Maxim, what beautiful household appliances they did in the USSR, not like today's! For some reason, they especially like to put in a vacuum cleaner “The Seagull”, which had a teardrop shape, runners for moving around the carpets and a general fashionable “cosmic” silhouette.
Well, yes, it seems to look good, see:
And everything would be fine, but the “Seagull” released in 1963 was almost completely copied from the “Eatonia” vacuum cleaner released in 1942 (!), Which was produced in Holland for Canadian department stores T.Eaton, hence the name.The “seagull” was “broken” to “zero”, retaining even the color, shape of the handle, the shape of the runners, and the design of the chrome logo plate:
USSR fans still like to remember about a Soviet audiotech as a separate building - they say that it was then that there was a warm tube sound, and the S90 speakers will still be better than any Western counterparts! And what kind of turntables for vinyl were - not that the current DJ shit. Well, yes, there were - here, for example, the Estonia-010 player, produced in 1983. Fashionable silver buttons, cool minimal design, everything:
But this is the Japanese Sharp Optonica RP-7100, created in 1981. So, hey, something he reminds me, that's just what exactly? And, for sure - placed on the photo above the Soviet "Estonia", released two years later)
Well, let's write already that it happened by chance))
Even such a seemingly trifle as an electric razor was stolen. Well, see for yourself. Here is the Soviet electric shaver "Agidel", which was published in U67 in 1967:
But the Philipshave razor that came out two years earlier, in 1965. Please note that we copied everything, including the color of the inner backing in the box:
I already once wrote about how the whole automobile plants were brought to the USSR and they produced full analogues of foreign cars - for example, it happened with the VAZ 2101,which practically completely copied the Italian "Fiat". But for me personally it was a shock that the design of even several models of Zaporozhtsev was torn off in the USSR. Zaporozhtsev, Karl!
See for yourself. Here is a well-known to all of you a hunchbacked Zaporozhets, which was promoted in the USSR as an example of a cool, minicar Soviet car - the ZAZ-965, born in 1960:
But created in 1955 (five years earlier) Fiat-600. Nothing like)?
And this is known to all of you "eared" Cossack, or ZAZ-966. I remember how in the book "From Russo-Balta to KamAZ" they praised this model - they say, in comparison with the hunchbacked one, now the doors open in the right direction, which will avoid tipping the car if the door opens with a counter flow - the great achievement of the Soviet designer )
And everything would be fine, but only the “eared” created in 1967 is an almost exact copy of the German compact car NSU Prinz IV, which appeared in 1961:
And this is the 21st Volga known to all of you, released in 1956:
The "prototype" for which was Ford Mainline, which appeared in 1952:
Photo: drive2.ru | avito.ru | yandex.ru
Instead of an epilogue.
Everything would be funny when it would not be so sad. To be honest - the “Zaporozhtsy” people finished me off altogether, I thought that in the nineties, at least something of its own was rusting in the courtyards, but as it turned outthe USSRand then made a copy-paste.And by the way, I don’t know the opposite examples of the fact that at first some thing appeared in the Union, and only then it was copied in the West.
So it goes. Write in the comments what you think about all this. And tell me - will it be possible for modern Russia to copy Western design and technology?