The story "Kostsy" Bunin: a summary of the analysis and characterization of the characters
Ivan Alekseevich Bunin was a great master of creating small prose works. Readers are impressed by the main motives of his stories, their rare artistic subtlety, original techniques. One of the remarkable masterpieces is the story of Bunin "Kostsy". The analysis of the work given in this material demonstrates the talent of the main writer of the Russian diaspora. After all, Ivan Alekseevich had to live far from his homeland.
Being in exile, the writer devoted his books to Russia, the Russian people. This also applies to the story of Bunin "Kostsy" With a brief content of this little work, we offer to read in our article. After reading the story, you will understand why Ivan Alekseevich was awarded the Nobel Prize for recreating the Russian character in prose.
Ivan Alekseevich lived for a long time before emigration in the Oryol province and was the true son of Russia. When he was awarded the prize, he noted that all Russian people deserve it.
Bunin. "Mowers". Content in summary
So, let's try to briefly retell a small masterpiece of Ivan Alekseevich. The retelling of "Kostsov" by Bunin, let's start with the fact that at the edge of the forest where young birch trees grow, the author and his companion see working mowers. The writer notices their noble appearance, tidiness and diligence. They enjoy their occupation. This friendly company seems to be completely carefree.
The evening approached, and the author again wants to meet with the mowers. He sees them at the table. They enjoy the mushroom dish, which seems sweet to them and resembles chicken. Workers rested and decided to sing. It seemed that their ringing voices filled the forest air with special charm, wondrous charm.
The song seemed sad, but they performed it with particular prowess. At this point, the author realized that there is no hopelessness in life. Huge Russia can help anyone to help out anyone. Right up to the night, the mowers delighted with their songs. The writer enjoyed this moment and breathed in fresh aromas of honeyed forest herbs, was surprised at the harmonious interweaving of man and nature.
The end of the story is a bit sad, the author nostalgically recalls the mowers and their singing. He felt close to these workers, and their songs gave him true joy. Bunin sincerely regrets not returning more of those fabulous moments.
Ivan Alekseevich himself asserted that he wrote about beauty in all its forms, a part of his soul conveyed in the description of Russian nature in the work of I. Bunin "Mounts". The analysis of the story must begin with the features of the plot. Like many other short works of the writer, the story "Mowers" has no definite plot lines. This is a peculiar memory of how he met Ryazan kostsy in the field, who sang incredibly beautifully.
In the story deeply and heartfelt conveyed feelings that overwhelmed the writer during their singing. Even then, the narrator realized that he would never forget that late evening hour. The author is surprised at how deep the Russian soul is, that even the subtleties of the song of rural workers are incomprehensible to him.
Compositional and genre originality
There is no clearly expressed composition in the story "Kostsy". It is worth noting that the individual characters here, too, do not stand out.There is only a separate image of mowers. Author's feelings and thoughts come to the fore in the work.
In his thoughts, the writer compares these workers with something charming, merged into a single artel, sees that their singing harmoniously weaves into the life of nature, but they don’t even think about it. While singing, the author feels himself a part of this nation. Their song, the surrounding nature are inseparable from their homeland, Russia.
What genre can be attributed to this work? Perhaps this is a kind of prose poem where the writer reflects on the Russian man. After all, Bunin was so necessary for the spiritual unity with Russia abroad. And it can also be called a poetic sketch, a lyrical essay. The story is full of epithets, metaphors, comparisons.
Nature in the story of Bunin "Mowers"
The description of Russian nature in the work of Ivan Alekseevich showed how subtly he felt it. The birch forest in him, as it were, responds to the song of mowers. The author describes the old road, which is overgrown with curly ant, argues that his grandfathers and great-grandfathers walked along this road so many times.In the afternoon beautiful light clouds floated across the sky, and in the evening the sky began to turn golden.
On the bosom of this nature the workers feel great. The reader wants to share the delight and joy conveyed by the author in the description of the terrain and the haymaking process. Just before my eyes, A. Plastova’s paintings “Haymaking” and G. G. Myasoedov “The Sorrowful Time. Mounted Bearings.” They can even be called illustrations to the story of Bunin.
The author depicts the relationship of strong laborers with nature. These people are not in such hard work. They sing a song that blends together with a birch forest. Trees respond to marvelous singing. The color scheme in the work is also very rich: gray, golden, blue, red, pink, blacker, red. A feature of this and other stories are repetitions, so it looks like a prose poem. The word "charm" is repeated several times. It refers to the nature and song of the mowers.
Toilers in the story
Mounts not only worked, but also sang. It seemed that in the work they did not even make much effort. Workers waved braids around themselves, and they exposed entire glades. The writer depicts not local, but Ryazan mowers, which came from another region of Russia, but are distinguished by their cohesion. In their movements, a special hunt for work was noticed.
And the author was happy to observe their well-coordinated work. Spit they let wide, as if playing. They walked exactly one after another, skinning stumps and bushes. Even in the sighs of these laborers, the writer saw Russian beauty. In this prosaic poem, Bunin sings the work of the mowers.
Value of folk song
In his work "Kostsy" Ivan Bunin subtly describes the song of the field workers, singing about the birthmark, happiness, hope. Some lines are devoted to his girlfriend, unhappy love. The beauty of singing mowers in the responses of sonority. They are children of their land, therefore such a spiritual impulse is peculiar only to them.
Bunin compares the singing of the mowers with the singing of the soul. He doesn’t even find words to express all the charm of this song. It has a connection with the whole world. These naive people who did not know their strength and talents sang so much that even the forest responded to their sounds. They heard joy and hopelessness at the same time. One of the mowers mourned himself: "Oh, yes, all the way to me, well done, ordered." How can those who have no place to go so sweetly sing and mourn, and the roads are closed everywhere? These people do not believe in hopelessness. Most importantly, that was in that song - you can not return the past happy days.
The image of the motherland in the work
Being in emigration, Bunin refers to the past and shows it transformed. Writer pulls to compatriots, he loves Russia. Therefore, in Bunin’s story “Kostsy”, the Motherland is shown as immeasurable and distant. The writer depicted the Ryazan peasants, their inspired work, taking the soul of a song during haymaking in Orel land. Thus, the author recalls those times when he was well and calmly in his homeland.
It is on the Russian material that the works of the emigrant period of Ivan Alekseevich are built. In foreign lands, the writer constantly recalled his native land, its fields, villages, peasants and nobles, nature. Ivan Bunin was well acquainted with both the Russian peasant and the Russian nobleman. The West is alien to the writer, he could not write about him. The works of Bunin were filled with classical traditions of Russian literature. Also the master of the word did not bypass the love, life, future of the whole world.
The writer calls the Oryol land described in the story "his native party." And he calls Russia not just his Motherland, but a common home. In the words "infinite native Russia" expresses his love for her. With ugly Russian outback it is vitally related.The writer claims that no matter where a person is cast by fate, he will always have his own sky before his eyes.
At the end of the story, readers see the sad memory of the mowers and their song. Once he was happy in the Russian open spaces. But those days are gone. From this the author is very sad. He would like to return the past times. But, unfortunately, he left his homeland because of political views and fear of persecution.
Like other works of the writer, "Kostsy" are filled with anxiety for the fate of Russia. Bunin argues that he is a true analyst of the life of the Russian people, their character, language and traditions. At the end of the story, the writer says that the fairy tale for the Russian people has already passed, God's mercy has passed.
The story "Kostsy" is called a poetic sketch, which is accompanied by the author's reflection on the fate of Russia. One day, while traveling on a steamer, Bunin heard a movers song. This was the reason for writing this poem in prose. The writer talks about the Russian man, about the spiritual unity of people with their country. The main thing that Ivan Alekseevich wanted to show: listening to the song of the mowers, everyone feels one and the same - Russia.Everyone should feel their land and be proud of it. After all, the scythes sang as easily and naturally as only a Russian can.