The last king of the Anglo-Saxons
He lived a long life. In the XI century, few people managed to live for 63 years, and even not always in warmth and relative comfort. But Edward the Confessor succeeded. Yes, and 24 years of them rule England. Well, or be her king.
The future last king of the Anglo-Saxon dynasty was born the eighth son of King Ethelred the Unintelligent. The one who arranged the massacre of the Vikings on the day of St. Britzia. And the slaughter and birth of Edward had for one year - 1003, which is to some extent even symbolic.
The eighth son in our times with hospitals and pediatricians means complete hopelessness in terms of obtaining at least some kind of inheritance. Well, except that - a cat in boots. But at that time everything happened. Especially when dad comes to mind to arrange such a holiday as St. Briktsiya’s day, and then serious guys will come up with plans to arrange the blood feud that was laid on such an occasion.
In addition, although Edward was the eighth son, but in the second marriage of the king with Emma of Normandy he was the very first.Well, then came the following. Of all the sons of Ethelred from his first wife, only Edmund II Zheelnoboky could become a king. But he was king for only half a year. Then he died. For some reason. Which is not entirely surprising, because at that moment on the island of Britain, in the east of England was Knud the Mighty. He then became the new king of England, and Ethelred's children could praise the father, since his idea of a massacre ended with the country passing under the power of the Danes.
Now imagine. You seem to be a contender for the throne. But you are 10 years old, and the country is captured by very, very serious guys. What to do? Edward chose the correct option and went to Normandy. After all, his mother was the daughter of the Duke of Normandy, to whom she and her son went. By the way, mother herself there, in Normandy, did not stay long, because after a few years she became a wife ... Knud. But her son, whose father Ethelred was, did not return to England by itself, his stepfather would not appreciate it.
And Edward sat in Normandy ... no, not thirty years and three years, but only 28. Only in 1041 he will be invited to return to his homeland. And this will happen after Knud dies, and then somehow his sons will suddenly suddenly die too.By the way, Knud’s sons will have time to deal with this with Edward’s brother Eduard, who has tried his luck. He landed in England, curled his rights to the throne. After that, the stronger dan are quickly separated from it.
But in the end, our seat sat out, and since the last son of Knud, Hardeknud, had no sons, Edward became the king. There was no other at that time.
And then this religious and devout king ruled for more than two decades, without really having done anything. And maybe he could not do anything. And that's why.
Edward was an alien and frankly a stranger to the locals. And all the lands, and therefore the retinue, owned by the local earls. The most important was Godwin, who was Earl Wessex. He fought against Knud, then negotiated and even intermarried with him. It is not surprising that Edward very quickly “burned” with love for his daughter and married her. However, the matter did not go with the marriage, the couple had no children. There is an opinion that Edward and his wife did not live a single day at all.
Since the local nobility pressed on a stranger and in general for a man who had lived in another country in England for almost 30 years, everything was strange and he had no close friends and friends, he began to slowly pull advisers from Normandy. As a result, quite a few Normans appeared in England.
Well, then, on January 5, 1066, Edward the Confessor departed to another world, leaving no heirs. Power captured the strongest earl - Harold Godwinson, brother of the queen. Everyone should have been pleased.
But on the other side of the strait, as well as in Norway, there was a different opinion on this matter. The Norwegian ruler, Harald Gardrad, did not get involved and he laid his head at Stampfordbridge. But the Duke of Normandy Wilhelm, for nothing, that was a bastard, used his chance.