The image of Stolz in the novel Oblomov: the fiasco of Goncharov or a creative find?
An outstanding Russian classic writer IvanAlexandrovich Goncharov in the idea of the novel "Oblomov" image Stolts portrayed in a special way. A literary critic, Nikolai Aleksandrovich Dobrolyubov, ex- pressed this clearly. The idea of the image, in his opinion, is a new person able to tell contemporaries "what to do". Corresponding member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences Goncharov for ten years carefully, step by step, wrote a novel in which he solved a super task. It was obvious that with the replacement of the feudal foundations of society with the bourgeois nobility, it finally lost its aura of progressiveness.
A new "hero of our time"?
Contemporaries of the writer have not seen either inPushkin's image of a nobleman, Eugene Onegin, or in Lermontov's image of Grigory Alexandrovich Pechorin as a light for imitation. These heroes became literary and historical. In the Russian culture, a clear, unfilled niche was formed. The history, and the interests of the development of society, demanded a new insightful look, fresh ideas. In the XIX century there was a new social stratum of people - raznochintsy. Not having a hereditary "blue blood", these people were brilliantly educated, tremendously efficient, penetrated into all spheres of social development and moved them. It is this hero, who is able to reasonably say compatriots "forward", was the image of Stolz in the novel "Oblomov."
Goncharov with maximum clarity, just the sameHe showed in relief the new qualities that fundamentally distinguished him from Onegin and Pechorin. At the same time, the classic points to simply "genetic" differences: ideals, aspirations, activity, personal values are different. That's what Ivan Alesandrovich shows by the origin of Stolz. His father Ivan Bogdanovich Stolz came to Russia and serves as a clerk, managing the estate. sane. Andrey's mother is an educated Russian lady, a man of a subtle soul, belonging to a wealthy estate. The image of Stolz in the novel "Oblomov" is indicative. Goncharov thus "molds" the essence of a man of the future from German clearly oriented education, purposefulness, efficiency, activity and the Russian spiritual world (Andrew Stolz - Orthodox), openness and sincerity towards friends, propensity to conform to the domestic way "in the Russian style."
Stolz is an active member of the society
Andrew Stolz, thanks to his first teacher -father received, together with the primary education, the main thing: an active life position. Then, university education. Then - he made a brilliant career (and even up to 32-33 years). We learn that according to the table of ranks, its result is equivalent to the rank of colonel in the legal sphere. The image of Stolz in the novel Oblomov is both a lawyer and a businessman. In a few years he has multiplied his father's capital tenfold. Having retired, he is successful in commercial activities, skilfully representing the trading company both in Western Europe and in Russia itself. Moreover, the fact that Stolz is attracted to the development of projects is evidenced by the fact that colleagues listen to his thoughts and suggestions.
Stolz appreciates friendship, family relations
In addition to his business qualities, Andrei Ivanovich is a faithfulfriend. He does not throw at the mercy of Ilya Oblomov. Helps practically, not with advice, talking. He manages to literally pull the lazy and lazy from the Petersburg apartment, so that he sees people, talked, found a woman who would change his life. At first, it would seem, Stolz's plan worked: Oblomov fell in love with Olga Ilyinskaya. She also had reciprocal emotions. However, just barely grown love needs to be watered like a tree, not only by the movements of the soul, but also by kind, romantic actions and deeds. But just this Ilya Ilyich was unable to. All the efforts of Andrei Ivanovich, aimed at improving the life of a comrade, prove to be in vain. Disappointed and Olga. Andrei Ivanovich, seeing the wealth of the soul and realizing the depth of the spiritual world of a woman, marries Olga.When Oblomov dies of the disease, Stolz's spouses take on the education of his son Andryusha.
Criticism of the image of Stolz
However, the major Russian writers and critics, includingincluding Chekhov and Dobrolyubov, on the whole expressing admiration for Goncharov's work, sharply criticized the image of Stolz in the novel Oblomov. They saw that this character does not actually serve the development and ideals of Russia, all his activities are aimed at his own personal well-being. He is an individualist, building his own theory and not listening to others. "Such people will not be able to save the Fatherland," such is the severe verdict of the classics. By the way, Goncharov himself admitted that the ideas underlying this image remained unfulfilled.
However, do not forget that the time Goncharovwas the time of the Titans from literature. His work was evaluated by real classics according to the highest criteria. Therefore, it would be correct to sum up the above as follows: the image of Andrei Ivanovich Stolz organically intertwines in the plot, he gracefully shades himself with Ilya Oblomov. Goncharovskaya game on the contrasts between the images of Oblomov and Stolz forced and makes many people think about and overestimate their lives. In addition, this is the most famous novel of the classic. Therefore, the greatest creative success that the writer Goncharov achieved was Oblomov. The image of Stolz plays the role of a good contrast for the protagonist - one of the most unsurpassed "sloths" in all world literature.