Staph infection: risk group
Staphylococcal infection is caused by gram-positive bacteria. They are present in small amounts in the body of almost every healthy person (mainly in the mouth, nose, intestines and on the skin). However, they do not give the owner the slightest concern, but with the slightest injury, the bacteria overcome the protective mechanism of the body.
Who is at risk
According to doctors, a staph infection is most often found in infants and in women during lactation, as well as in people with chronic illnesses. Of particular note are those who have cancer and diabetes. The reason for the development of infection often becomes lowered immunity.
Staphylococci can affect any part of the body; their localization causes the symptoms of the disease. It can proceed easily and almost painlessly, but it can also pose a threat to life.Staphylococcal infection often "declares itself" by the occurrence of multiple boils and carbuncles. Another fairly common symptoms are abscesses of the internal organs and bone lesions (in medicine, this is referred to as “osteomyelitis”).
How to understand that it is the staph infection that is to blame for your health problems? Signs can be very different. Pay attention to the epidermis. Staphylococcal abscesses on the skin are accompanied by high fever, in most cases they are filled with pus. Some doctors talk about the feasibility of opening them, but it should be borne in mind that the ingress of pus on the skin can trigger the emergence of new boils.
Among the most dangerous diseases, doctors call toxic epidermal necrolysis and Lyell's syndrome. They are caused by a staphylococcal infection, the symptoms of both diseases are somehow related to the skin. These can be blisters filled with pus (in the armpits or groin), multiple abscesses, and even rejection of necrotic masses. Breastfeeding mothers often experience infection of the breast, which is transmitted to the baby during feeding.
Staph infection can cause pneumonia.The disease is accompanied by shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and cough with sputum. Staphylococcal pneumonia is most dangerous for infants, as it can cause infection of the pleura.
As noted above, bacteria can infect almost any organ. However, they often spread through the bloodstream (an improperly inserted catheter can be the cause). The most frequent consequences of this are damage to the heart valves, leading to inadequate work of the corresponding organ.
Osteomyelitis is most common in young children and the elderly. It is accompanied by severe pain in the whole body, fever and chills. It is possible to understand what kind of bone is infected by the characteristic swelling of the skin around it.