Raccoon dog at home: photo and description, food and habits
Despite its name, the raccoon dog is not a raccoon, although their faces are very similar, plus gray whiskers and thick long fur. But she is not a dog either. Who is this?
Appearance of the animal
For a long time people of the animal called mangut or tanuki. Often his styled raccoon. An adult and furry creature the size of a small dog with approximately the following parameters:
- Body length can reach 80 cm.
- Tail - up to 25 cm.
- Weight - up to 10 kg.
The paws are short, and the body is stocky. Luxurious, but coarse wool grows up to 12 cm. The animal has a soft thick undercoat that saves it in winter.
Tanuki wool covers even the tail. The animal seems very shaggy. Short legs are covered with thick short fur.
On the head of an average size you can see a pretty narrow muzzle with beady eyes.Erect ears small and barely visible in winter. They are always black. Interestingly, a raccoon dog can change its color depending on the season.
The summer “clothes” of the dog consists of wool dyed in brown-black and reddish-yellow color. Dark color on the back outlines the characteristic cruciform shape.
The muzzle can “boast” with the presence of ash-gray sideburns and a peculiar mask, which makes the specimen similar to the raccoon raccoon. From the eyes to the ears stretches yellowish fuzzy strip.
On the chest of the animal is blackish-brown wool, and the abdomen and groin area is brownish with a gray-fawn tint. On the ridge of a dark strip. Legs are black-brown. The tail is dark gray, and brownish on the tip. The claws are light brown in color.
The winter fur coat of the animal is painted in dirty-fawn tones, with black tips. The undercoat is gray-brown. On the back, the cruciform pattern is not seen as clearly as in summer.
Short hair on the face begins to lengthen immediately behind the eyes. The lower part of the muzzle has a long hair, in the summer it brightens and becomes straw hue.
This is what a raccoon dog looks like.The description is short, but it’s better to see once than to read 100 times.
The animal was chosen forest and mountain-forest areas of the planet:
- northeast Indochina;
- Amur region;
- Korean Peninsula.
Perhaps it would have remained so, but in the 20th century, raccoon dogs were bred in the territory of 76 regions of the former USSR. An unpretentious animal spread easily in Western Europe:
Now the animal can be found on flood plains, riverine forests and overgrown floodplains where the grass is thicker.
The muzzle of the dog is cute, and the behavior is arrogant. She lives at the expense of "raider seizure" of other holes. Often badgers and foxes become victims of such insolence. Very rarely, more “conscientious” individuals can dig a hole for themselves.
Do not hesitate to grow roots in a niche among the roots of trees, crevices of large stones or rocks. In rare cases, the animal will arrange a rookery under the open sky. The locations of dwellings near small settlements and roads are noticed.
Behavior and habits
A very interesting and cute animal - a raccoon dog. The photo and description of this species of dog family is a confirmation of this.
Raccoon day is in its burrow, as it begins to get dark - goes on the hunt. In search of food, the animal travels up to 10 km. Returned to the hole in the same way. He is interested in people, often comes to their homes.
With this animal you can compete in swimming. Not too high able to climb a tree, but rarely does it.
Sensing danger, the dog will not conflict, but runs away or falls to the ground, pretending to be dead.
It is noteworthy that the raccoon dogs are one of a kind, which hibernate. To be precise, as such, these animals do not have winter hibernation, there is a decrease in metabolism by 25%.
By the fall, these animals become thicker due to subcutaneous fat, its layer reaches 1 cm. The total weight of the dog increases by 2 kg or more.
In November, the apartment is deeper and warmer, on a soft bed of moss and dry grass, the animal hibernates.
Short paws in the cold season prevent the animal from moving quickly, they are very buried in the snow, so the activity of the animal decreases.The so-called hibernation lasts from December to March. If the winter is warm, the dog does not reduce its activity, and the "dream" is canceled. Sometimes in a strong blizzard or frost, she sits in the shelter.
When the time of hibernation is over, the animal noticeably lost weight and wants to eat.
Separate preferences not identified. The raccoon dog eats everything that seems to her taste. Usually the menu includes animals living on its site:
- Mice-voles, gerbils.
- Dung beetles, crunches, swimmers and water lovers, locusts.
- Frogs, fish, snails, clams.
- Lizards and snakes.
- Small birds and their eggs.
Coming out to a human dwelling, he picks up garbage or insolently takes away from the cats what the owners have left.
Plant food is also included in the diet of the animal. At the end of summer and at the beginning of autumn it eats various berries and fruits, competing with lovers of preservation of jam. It is not shy to pick melon and other garden plants in the garden. Can eat corn, millet, oats and nuts.
Especially wakes up the appetite of females during gestation. As soon as hibernation comes to an end, the marriage period begins.
From early February to April, the mating season lasts. Even during hibernation, the female is ready to mate. As soon as a suitable “life partner” is found, and these animals are monogamous, a beautiful couple will be formed by autumn.
Mating takes about 10-20 minutes. Pregnancy lasts about 2 months. Puppies are born blind and weigh only 80-100 g. Usually there are only 6-7 puppies in the litter, but especially fertile bring 14-16, to the pride of the father.
After birth, males do not leave the female, but provide food, are engaged in raising and protecting offspring. When the puppies grow up and become more independent, both parents leave in search of prey.
Looking at this animal, many are not averse to acquire such a glorious creature. Tanuki can easily adapt to home conditions. It is better to bring in a house not an adult, but a small puppy.
Fluffy at home
Before you get this nice, but restless farm, you should know some rules.
Raccoon dog at home will feel comfortable if you will live on the street. Spacious booth or aviary it is quite suitable.
Having a rich and warm "coat" in the apartment, especially in the summer, she will feel very uncomfortable.Moreover, in the closed space of the night animal will look for something to do. He will hunt or play, his wool muzzle will visit wherever it is necessary and not necessary. "Helps" the owners with all my heart, until the new repair.
The domestic raccoon dog cannot be trained, but it is a good companion and protector. From a very young age, tanuki are taught to go to a tray for need or to ask to go outside.
The raccoon dog in the photo looks friendly, but in fact it is a bad and grumpy neighbor. Conflict will be provided with small children and pets.
In winter, the tanuki will sleep more than move. At this time, he should not be disturbed - he will wake up himself when he sees fit. In order for a pet to lose weight, it needs to provide decent nutrition.
Always eat different foods:
- a fish.
Groats are usually steamed and the rest is given raw. In the fall, focus on the meat diet, and in the summer more on the vegetable. The animal can constantly look with "hungry" eyes and beg for food. Do not respond to this.
At home, the dog lives up to 12 years, and in the wild - only 4-5 years. At the age of one year it is better to vaccinate against rabies and leptospirosis.All vaccinations are noted in the veterinary passport.
Before you get a shaggy pet, you should carefully weigh everything so that it is comfortable and good for everyone.