Polio can be called a disease of civilization. Countries where insufficient immunization of children is carried out are at potential risk. Unfortunately, this story also affected our country, in which two cases of childhood paralysis from poliomyelitis were detected last year.
Poliomyelitis is a disease that can disappear completely from the face of the earth in the foreseeable future. This could be achieved through large-scale vaccinations, which have been carried out since the 50s of the last century. According to the World Health Organization, by 2020, all countries of the world will be recognized as territories free of the polio virus. So have overcome smallpox, and the next victory of mankind over the epidemics will be poliomyelitis.
FROM ANCIENT TIMES
Poliomyelitis people suffer from ancient times. Rock paintings and convolutions of Egyptian papyri are "dazzling" with images of children and young people with deformed limbs and paralysis. These are characteristic signs of a paralytic form of poliomyelitis, in which the virus enters the nervous system and affects the limbs.
For a long time, mankind could not give an answer to the question about the origin of this terrible disease. In 1789, English doctor Michael Underwood first described the symptoms of the disease. Serious research of poliomyelitis began German orthopedist Heine in 1840, and the Swedish pediatrician Medina admitted contagiousness of polio. For a long time, poliomyelitis was called Heine-Medina disease.
POLIOMYELITIS - NATIONAL DISASTER
And yet, despite numerous studies, for quite a long time, mankind was powerless against poliomyelitis. So, in the middle of the last century, the incidence of polio in the United States and European countries took the scale of this national disaster.
The disease affected people, regardless of their age and social status. Perhaps the most telling is the story of US President Roosevelt, who was confined to a wheelchair because of polio.
In the middle of the last century, more than 50 thousand cases of infection occurred in the USA alone. The rate of spread of the disease increased catastrophically, and by all means, it was necessary to repel the disease.Then the governments of the leading countries of the world gave the task to the entire scientific and medical community to do everything to defeat polio. Thus, in the mid-50s, the first polio vaccine was created. For the United States, this was a real salvation. Thousands of Americans queued up daily to receive a dose. Since then, they began to carry out mass vaccinations, thanks to which they managed to reduce the number of cases to a minimum. So, if in the 80s of the last century there were more than 400 thousand cases of poliomyelitis, today it is only a few hundred.
UKRAINIAN HISTORY OF POLIOMYELITIS
In the USSR, polio vaccination was carried out regularly and covered the required number of children, which was enough to eliminate the virus.
In 2002, an already independent Ukraine from the competent international organizations officially received the status of a polio-free territory. However, since 2008, problems with the delivery of vaccines began in Ukraine. Even then, international organizations began to sound the alarm, warning Ukraine about the danger. And so, in the fall of 2015, this happened. Recorded 2 cases of childhood paralysis.International experts hope that the situation in Ukraine will be stabilized by conducting several rounds of immunization. This is the only way to eradicate this disease.