Night violets. Mattiola flower - photo
The decoration of any backyard or suburban area will be beautiful roses, peonies, graceful gladioli or other representatives of the flora, characterized by bright colors or elegant foliage. But no less popular are the plants, the main advantage of which is the charming and unique, light scent of flowers. These are night violets.
Garden plants that have a pleasant, fragrant smell have been popular since ancient times. Over time, they do not disappear from the collections of flower growers. Night violets are plants belonging to the cruciferous family. They are represented by annual and perennial species, a feature of which is the delicate, fragrant aroma of flowers, which manifests itself after sunset, in the dark period of the day.
Hesperis, or master hostess, is an aromatic plant known since ancient times. The smell of flowers is greatly enhanced in the evening and night hours. For this feature, the plants are called "night violets."They are often grown as biennials. After sowing seeds, a rosette of leaves is formed. In the first year may form small flower stalks. Abundant flowering plant will please only next season. In the third year, flowering is reduced. Therefore, landing update.Matrona's party party is a rather tall perennial. Erect stems can reach seventy-five centimeters in height. Leaves have a lanceolate form. Four-leaved - purple, pink or white - the flowers are small. Their sizes reach two or more centimeters in diameter. They are collected in inflorescences. Flowers can be simple or terry. Terry species having a white color of inflorescences are especially popular. They will delight flowering for twenty days. At the end of the season fruiting night violet. Seeds ripen in small fruit-pods, formed after flowering.
Planting and care
Night violets of this type are light-requiring. They are planted in well-lit areas. Also suitable flower garden, located in the penumbra. The soil should be fertile, slightly alkaline, with good drainage qualities. Forerunners of the Cruciferous family are not allowed.Usually night violets are planted along the paths, near the gazebos and in places of rest. They also grow beautifully on a balcony or loggia.
Sowing in open ground occurs in May or June. The first shoots will appear in nine or twelve days. The flower garden is watered, not allowing waterlogging. Last year's landing thinned out. Plants seated at a distance of 35-40 centimeters from each other. Night violets can be planted with pre-grown seedlings.
Flower care is simple. The soil is constantly loosened and weeds are removed. Feed complex fertilizers for flower crops. This culture is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. Perhaps several types of reproduction - seed and vegetative. At the age of two it is possible to divide the bush or grafting.
Representatives of this species are annual plants. In floriculture, mattiol is distinguished from two-horned and gray-haired (Levkoy). They are easy to maintain and grow. Possess good frost resistance.
Scented favorite night
The mattiola flower is two-horned, or night violet, remarkable for the fact that it blooms in the evening.The nightly coolness is filled with the fragrant aroma of nondescript flowers.Annual erect plant has a highly branching stem and small leaves. The root system is pivotal. Small, inconspicuous flowers with four petals form a racemose with a strong pleasant smell. They are painted in soft purple, white or light yellow color. Night violets are flowers that open in the evening and remain so throughout the night. With the first rays of the sun they close. The flowering period occurs in the first half of the summer period.
The fruits of the plant are small seed pods. They are filled with small seeds, the germination of which lasts for three years.
Mattiola varieties two-horned
There are different varieties. Let's stop on a few of them.
Mattiola flower "evening fragrance"- An annual plant that does not require special care. The height of the stems reaches fifty centimeters. Differs abundant flowering. Small purple flowers are revealed and fragrant in the evening, while emitting a strong, pleasant aroma. The plant is light-loving. Tolerates light partial shade.
Mattiola "Starlight" -annual, whose stems grow to forty or fifty centimeters. Flowers of this variety, similar to all varieties of mattiola two-horned, do not differ decorative appearance. They are small and inconspicuous, white or yellow. Blossom in the evening. Possess strong fragrant aroma.
The two-horned mattiol is unpretentious and easy to care for. Planting is done by sowing seeds directly in the flower garden. Depending on weather conditions, the sowing season can be carried out in late April or early May. Agrotechnology does not require special skills - it is moderate watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, and applying fertilizer.
Aroma and beauty
Levka, or mattiola gray, different colorful flowering. The fragrance of flowers is weaker, unlike the first type of this culture. However, this plant surpasses the double-horned mattiol by external data. Flowers have the correct form and reach a diameter of five centimeters. They can be simple four-petal or terry, numbering more than seventy petals. The color of flowers is white, pink, purple, blue, light yellow.The flower has large oval leaves, dark green, slightly pubescent. They are located on branched or single stems, reaching a height, depending on the variety, from thirty to eighty centimeters.
Planting and care
A feature of mattiola gray is that terry varieties are barren. Seeds provide simple forms of this culture. Grown left rassadny way. In conditions of closed ground for this purpose use plastic containers, boxes or pots. Seeds are sown in the second half of March in pre-prepared containers. Fertile soil is disinfected to prevent diseases. For this purpose, it is calcined or watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Emerged shoots demanding lighting. Watering during this period is moderate. When the first true leaves appear, seedlings are fed with complex fertilizer. In order to prevent diseases, seedlings are watered several times with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Levka has three varieties that differ in terms of flowering:
• summer form: flowering period - July-August;
• autumn form: flowering period - August-September;
• winter form: April-May.
In the open field grown Levkova summer. Plots for it should be well lit, and the ground - loose and nutritious. Flower care is pretty simple. Strong seedlings are developing rapidly. Plants require moderate watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and regular fertilizing.
Night violets in landscape design
In the garden, fragrant flowers - frequent guests. They are planted in small groups along the tracks. They serve as an excellent decor for small artificial ponds. For the creation of fragrant flower beds and flower gardens are indispensable night violets.The photo shows how you can arrange the plants in places reserved for rest. In the evening, you can enjoy the aroma of fragrant flowers, if you disembark them on the terraces, near the gazebos. Often night violets are included in floral arrangements. But at the same time, creating them, you should choose the right plants.