"Microcity in the forest" as a model for renovation

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The main issue of Moscow renovation is what they will build on the site of the demolished five-story building. This question, by the way, concerns not only those who will be relocated. This question concerns all Muscovites. At the moment in Russia there are no precedents for the mass construction of high-quality housing. But there are many examples when terrible neighborhoods were built, multistoried anthills without infrastructure. If they replace the five-story buildings, it will only get worse. And yes, they will also have to be demolished, and very soon.
Today I will show you an example of good housing (not ideal). It is interesting because a completely new for Russia principle of development has been chosen. Although today more and more developers are becoming aware of simple realities: it is impossible to build modern housing using Soviet textbooks of the 1980s. The rules of the game have changed: there is competition among developers, and people now have different values.The crisis has played a special role in this - the buyer has become more responsible in approaching his investments and is trying to compensate for the smaller area of ​​apartments with the greater comfort of the common territory. Now you need to build not square meters, but a comfortable urban environment. In some cities, almost all developers realized this, somewhere they only think about it, but the general trend is obvious.
In Moscow, one of the "pioneers" of the new approach was the project "Microcity in the forest". The design started in 2008 and will last until 2020, the builders went here in 2011, and today there are already finished quarters here. By the way, Sergey Kuznetsov, the current chief architect of Moscow, who is currently engaged in the renovation program, also took part in the project.
Architecture

The housing has primary objectives (protection from cold and rain, convenience inside) and additional. As the market becomes saturated, people want not only to have a roof over their heads and a toilet near by, but also to associate themselves with their home and district. To nearby was a cafe, beauty salon, a comfortable safe courtyard and other additional benefits. Therefore, in Europe, the Soviet legacy ceases to be in demand - it does not meet new needs.

There are no two identical houses here, the guest or the taxi driver will not confuse the entrances, and the situation as in “The Irony of Fate” is excluded. Over the facades worked not one architect or bureau, but different teams. For this, a master plan was adopted, which the contractors later worked with. At once I will say that I am not a big fan of colorful facades and I think that it was possible to work more accurately with color.

This color is much better

The facades are monitored, there is no air conditioning or satellite dish. The problem of chaotic glazing of the balcony was decided easily - they simply did not do it. Alas, until we understand the value of a piece of street in a house, and there are no levers of control for those who like to spit on the idea of ​​an architect, we have to resort to radical measures. For air conditioners on some homes there are special forgers:


Architects also worked on schools and kindergartens.

If they still removed the fences or made a house on the red courtyard line, it would be much better.

The houses are located in quarters, it allows you to separate the yard from the street and create comfort for residents. Gaps in the squares facilitate the examination of the rules of insolation and create a visual perspective - the yard does not become a well. Of the minuses - the blocks are too large, and the number of floors of some houses is exceeded


It’s a pity, they didn’t give up the driveways inside the yard. Such yards could be completely without cars, as is done at PIK.

The main disadvantage of the project is that the principles of a comfortable height are violated. Today in the world it is customary to build residential quarters up to 7-8 floors. This allows you to create a favorable social environment at the expense of a small number of neighbors, which can be remembered in person, and preserve the human size of the building.


By "human size" they imply visual contact of a person in the house with the street: you can see and recognize your child in the yard and call for "Username, go home!". It is also a social security for all - the effect of "looking out over the street."


It can be seen that here they tried to keep the small size of the blocks, which is important for the convenience of pedestrians, but the high-altitude walls crush down - stone jungles are obtained.


The floors of new homes are already smaller. One can see flirting with the form, attempts to make the environment more humane and diverse.


On the first floors there are built-in premises for business. Please note that there are no steps anywhere - people with limited mobility will be able to use the city on their own.

Due to the built-in non-residential premises, it turns out to fill the street with activities and life, and residents get shops, cafes and services within walking distance. This helps developers sell meters more efficiently, because residential real estate at pedestrian level is selling badly. There are very few people who want to live in a passing place, when everyone can look into your window.


But the opportunity for everyone to look into the entrance is a very important thing. This, again, is social security: it is safe not where there are a lot of cells and iron, but where the place is visible and where people walk. For the same reason, mirrors are placed in elevators - with their appearance vandalism becomes less, because a person subconsciously feels someone’s eyes and sees himself from the outside.

Yards

Usually they try to make yards neutral so that you can sit, relax, walk, get together in a small company or take a walk with your child. The yard - for a relaxing holiday, so as not to interfere with other residents and not to spend huge sums on maintenance. That is, the courtyard should not replace the park, city square or sports center.


For noisy games, long walks and other things, parks and public spaces are needed on foot.accessibility from homes. This does not mean that you need to roll up the courtyards in the asphalt or sit down all the lawn with trees. Activities with diversity are needed, but in minimal amounts. Therefore, the horizontal bar, bushes with trees, a playground for the little ones, a table and benches are good for the yard. Forest, hockey boxes, playgrounds for dogs or a large playground - not very.

Playgrounds for noisy games should be taken away from residential buildings

Improvement average, today in Moscow is doing better. Landscape designers can make good and inexpensive content. Instead of benches, it is better to put benches: a person will be able to rest for about 10 minutes on furniture without a back, and then it will become uncomfortable. For the same reason, people buy home armchairs and chairs with backs, and not stools.


Yards without cars appeared here even before it became fashionable in Moscow. Asphalt lanes with concrete hemispheres were left for the passage of fire-fighting equipment - the car will not come here, but the fire truck will easily move them. Asphalt does not look good in such a yard, tiles are better suited for such purposes.


Developers are afraid to build parking lots, motivating it with requests from people to live in a free parking lot and the fact that "no one will buy places."Naturally, there will be no people willing if the house has a great free-flowing piece of asphalt, a lawn or a playground. But if you physically limit the number of free places or enter fees for long-term parking, people will begin to realize their responsibility and the real cost of maintaining a car in the city.

Therefore, there is a free and comfortable courtyard for everyone. And if you want to always stay on wheels - be kind, buy or rent a place for your property in the parking lot under the house or use a taxi.

Streets

A street is not a piece of asphalt for parking or driving. This space for life, business, walking, meetings and so on. If it is impossible to sit comfortably on the street with coffee, hold a business lunch, schedule a date or just open the window of an apartment on the street, then something is wrong with it. The streets of "Microcity" are full of compromises.

There are active first floors, which enliven the street and bring variety, but at the same time it is street-parking without greenery. See for yourself how much space is given to pedestrians, and how much is given to cars:

The balance is clearly broken. This could be corrected even without the elimination of parking.You can use the lawn under the windows: there is enough space for three friends, benches and gardening. But, apparently, there are pipes here, and this puts a taboo on everything except the lawn. The riddle of the space that has fallen out is solved simply: public utilities do not want to spend their efforts and money on a possible recovery from an accident. As a result, the land falls out of public use because of the simple "do not agree."

Dividing the street on the main course and understudy in such conditions is not worth it. This is a compromise for highways or boulevards, where there is a large percentage of transit traffic, but in a residential area, this once again stimulates drivers to drive fast.

The sidewalk drawn and separated by parking will not be used: it’s uncomfortable and boring to walk, so it was worth planting trees.

If they had made a boulevard with the same number of lanes and similar parking with a breakdown of trees, then it would have been much more humane. The street would not lose in bandwidth, but would become a good public area. Now it's just a runway.

Availability

The big minus of the project is its remoteness from the city. Near Mitino and Moscow Ring Road not far, but it is impossible to walk to the metro or the neighboring area (do not go along Pyatnitskoe highway).

Bike lanes are the trend of modern urban development.They take up little space, allow you to move quickly over short distances, do not spoil the environment, have a positive effect on people's health, and so on. Here, the tracks can be used for trips inside the district: there is simply no communication with at least the nearest metro station.

The tracks are not separated from pedestrians, which is why they are easily confused with the pavement, there are no bicycle crossings, the races are made at an angle, and so on. Instead of the tracks, it was possible to make cycle rooms on the first floors - this would have a greater effect for cycling than such tracks.

In terms of public transport, too, everything is sad: there is a bus on the Pyatnitsky highway, to which it is a long time to go from remote points of the district. It turns out that there is nothing to do without a car. Therefore, this place can hardly be called comfortable for life: it is impossible to build an area “for people” apart from the rest of the city. The architectural idea without transport accessibility is not fully disclosed, but for some reason we love to forget about it.

In any case, “Microcity in the forest” is a good project. And very interesting in the framework of the upcoming renovation. You can do well, if you take into account the mistakes.

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