In Soviet times, cinema officials always tried to play it safe and often, just in case, they did not allow this film to be rolled out so as not to incur the wrath of high authorities. However, the authorities often turned out to be much more farsighted and more liberal than their subordinates. So, many films that have gained immense popularity have appeared on screens only thanks personally to the CPSU General Secretary Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev.
“The Caucasian Captive, Or the New Adventures of Shurik” (directed by Leonid Gaidai, 1966)
Legendary Soviet films that viewers saw thanks to the general secretary
Officials Goskino USSR film categorically did not like. They did not like jokes, did not like the songs of Alexander Zatsepin. The song “If I Was a Sultan ...” was declared immoral, the third verse: “If all three wives poured me a hundred, then three hundred grams is something ...” was removed from it altogether.
On Friday, the “acceptance of the film” by the Chairman of the State Committee for Cinematography, Alexei Romanov, was already in a bad mood, which he did not hide. While watching this comedy in the hall, no one laughed, except for the cinema-mechanics, who had to be reassured.
At the end of the film, Romanov declared: “The viewer will see this anti-Soviet only through my dead body!”
The final decision on this film should have been taken on Monday, at the meeting of the Board of the State Committee for Cinematography.
So we parted. Some friends have already begun to eschew the filmmakers.
But what was the general amazement when, on Monday morning, Romanov, coming out of the office, congratulated the authors and said that their film was being released, and he was assigned the highest category. What happened?
It turns out on Friday evening, when everyone had already gone their separate ways, the assistant Brezhnev called and asked to send “something new” for the general secretary for the weekend. The duty officer said that there was one comedy film, but she had just been rejected. But, nevertheless, the film was sent to Brezhnev. The result exceeded all expectations! Brezhnev was delighted with the picture, over the weekend he looked at it five times, laughing to tears.Over the weekend, he phoned Romanov, congratulating him on his excellent work and calling the tape “another victory for Soviet cinema”.
So fans of the picture should be glad that Brezhnev had a wonderful sense of humor.
The Diamond Hand (directed by Leonid Gaidai, 1968)
The story of the acceptance of the next comedy of the great master was about the same as with the “Caucasian Captive”. At first, members of the commission considered that, with its frivolous songs and jokes, it violated the moral foundations of socialist society. Brezhnev, having watched the film, again laughed heartily, not seeing in it anything seditious. Naturally, after this all bans were removed from the picture.
“Gentlemen of Fortune” (director Alexander Gray, 1971)
Most viewers do not know and do not remember the name of the director of this truly popular film.
And remember it, of course, worth it. George Danelia, whom many consider the author of the film, only wrote the script, and the idea of the picture as a whole belongs to Alexander Sery, whose fate was not easy. At one time he was convicted of a fight, and spent 4 years in prison, having experienced all the delights of camp life.
Goskino officials didn’t like thieves jargon often used during the film, as well as the romanticization of images of criminals who looked ridiculous and not at all scary. Not counting, of course, "Associate".
And the fate of this film also interfered with Leonid Ilyich. A brother-in-law, Colonel Churbanov, who served in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, brought a picture to Brezhnev's dacha. Together they watched this film, while Churbanov commented on his individual episodes. The picture amused Brezhnev and he really liked. Unlike officials, he did not notice anything that diverged from the Soviet ideology.
And a few months after this “dacha viewing,” the film was seen by millions of viewers. Time put everything in its place. The success of the painting was overwhelming.
But the focus - on the poster of the 80s is not one of the main characters of the film - Savely Kramarova. In 1981, he emigrated to the United States, and the name of Kramarov was erased from posters and cut from captions. He is in the film, but not in the credits ...
"White Sun of the Desert" (directed by Vladimir Motyl, 1969)
The Goskino Commission made a lot of complaints to the director, making about thirty comments. To fix this all, it was necessary to completely re-shoot many scenes. Vladimir Motyl categorically refused this, and the film waited for the unenviable fate - to gather dust "on the shelf."And again a happy accident helped.
From his youth, Leonid Ilyich was a big fan of American westerns and for him in the autumn of 1969 several new films were ordered from overseas. But for some reason they didn’t come in time, and Brezhnev was offered to watch a Soviet film, also with cowboy tricks, but with Red Army men and Basmachis instead of sheriffs and cowboys. From the film, Brezhnev came to a complete delight.
He liked episodes with fights very much, he liked the song too.
Having finished watching the picture already after midnight, he called Romanov: “You make a good movie! Wiped the nose to the Americans, well done. And why is the film not in the box office? ”At first, Romanov did not even understand which film was being discussed. He specified the name - he did not even look at this picture.
Early in the morning, Romanov rushed over to Goskino, watched the film and gave instructions to let it go after three minor amendments. In this case, Vladimir Motyl did not argue (three amendments - this is not twenty-seven), and the film was soon released, almost immediately won the love of the audience.
"Pirates of the twentieth century" (directed by Boris Durov, 1979)
The film, successfully skipped censorship Goskino, slowed down the authorities of the Central Committee of the Komsomol.Komsomol leaders were embarrassed by scenes of cruelty and violence, many of which used karate techniques that are in our country in a semi-legal position in those years. They did not dare to release the movie and sent it to the storage.
Having seen this rombing fighter in one of the days off at his dacha, in which “ours” courageously dealt with the enemies, Brezhnev wondered why this film was not shown to people. Immediately after this, the film was shot "off the shelf" and sent to hire. So began his triumphal march across the screens of the country. And again, thanks to Brezhnev ...
Belorussky Railway Station (director Andrei Smirnov, 1971)
In this film, the Moscow militia is far from being presented in the best light, and this caused discontent among Interior Minister Shchelokov. For this reason, the censors did not let her on the screen. The authors of the film, knowing the stories with a happy ending with other pictures, put a lot of effort and still achieved that the film was shown to Brezhnev.
Leonid Ilyich was quite sentimental, and he was moved to tears by one of the best scenes of the film, when Nina Urgant sings to his fellow soldiers a Bulat Okudzhava song about the landing battalion.
Of course, after this the film was immediately resolved, there could be no question of any revisions.
And they tried to include the song from this film into the program of concerts, if Brezhnev was present.
“Kalina Krasnaya” (director Vasily Shukshin, 1974)
A similar story happened with the film Vasily Shukshin. The studio management had a lot of complaints about it; the film was not allowed on the screen.
But after the members of the Politburo (this was also practiced) watching this film during the most dramatic episode of the film - the meeting of Yegor Prokudin with his mother - Brezhnev shed a tear, the fate of the film was decided.
"Garage" (director Eldar Ryazanov, 1979)
In March 1980, in the House of Cinema, Ryazanov presented his new work, the satirical comedy Garage. The film was accepted with a bang. And Ryazanov expected that soon the whole country would plunge into the “garage” passions on the screen. But it turned out that the picture was released in very small circulation, it was not shown at all in the capital, it was possible to see the picture only in the Moscow region. And after the first shows, the circulation of the tape was going to be completely destroyed. But even here Leonid Ilyich contributed his bit to the salvation of the film.
The fact is that at that time the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU was held, in which Brezhnev emphasized in his report that it was necessary to ruthlessly reveal and criticize the shortcomings in public life. And it turned out that the "Garage", as it is impossible by the way, was the prompt response of Soviet cinematographers to the demand of the time, to the call of the party.