Korean Peninsula: description, attractions and interesting facts.
Where is the Korean Peninsula? What is its area? What countries and what attractions are located within it? All these questions will be answered by our article.
Korean Peninsula: description and geographical location
This peninsula in its outlines resembles the tooth of a strange animal and goes deep into the ocean. Its total length from north to south exceeds 1000 km. The width of the peninsula ranges from 170 to 300 km in different places.
The Korean Peninsula is a land area in East Asia, which is clamped on both sides by the marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean. From the west - Yellow, and from the east - Japanese. On the south side, a rather wide Korean Strait separates the peninsula from the archipelago of the Japanese islands.
The area of the Korean Peninsula is about 150 thousand square meters. km Almost 70% of its territory is occupied by not very high mountains (the highest point is Mount Hallasan, 1950 m).Due to the unique geological structure, an original and very picturesque landscape has been formed here, combining green valleys, gentle hills and rocky peaks.
The climate of the Korean Peninsula is temperate-mody, in the extreme south - subtropical. Winters are dry, summer periods are hot and rainy. In the fall and spring, powerful typhoons often occur.
Korea Peninsula: 12 interesting facts
To get even better acquainted with this section of the planet, we offer you twelve interesting facts related to the history, geography and culture of the peninsula:
- Along the coastline of the peninsula there are more than 3 thousand islands.
- The territory of Korea is 2/3 occupied by forests and shrubs.
- The fauna of the peninsula is extremely rich - it is represented by hundreds of species of mammals and birds.
- In the early 1950s, a brutal three-year war broke out here, which took the lives of more than three million people.
- In the culture of Koreans laid a reverent attitude to children: they are best provided with beautiful clothes, sweets and toys.
- Korean language is not based on hieroglyphs at all, as it may seem,and the unique and artificially designed "Hangul" alphabet.
- About half of all words in Korean are of Chinese origin.
- Many concepts in the language of Koreans are formed according to the principle of a constructor (for example, the word “nostril” consists of two parts: “nose” and “hole”).
- On the peninsula is the world's largest stadium, accommodating up to 150 thousand people.
- There are no fourth floors in Korea, as the Koreans consider the number “4” unlucky.
- The age of a person in Korea is considered from the moment of conception.
- The system "warm floor" was invented on this peninsula (and two thousand years ago).
Population of the Korean Peninsula
The history of the settlement of this land begins with ancient times. Archaeological finds indicate that the first people appeared on the peninsula 700 thousand years ago. They mostly lived in caves, later they built primitive houses.
By the end of the tenth century, the whole territory was united under the imperial crown of the dynasty of Kore (hence its name). In the XIII century, the Mongols conquered Korea, and later the Chinese. At the beginning of the last century, the country was annexed by Japan.
Today the territory of the peninsula is divided between two states - South and North Korea (DPRK). The first country is a democratic republic, one of the most developed in Asia. The second is one of the most closed in the world, totalitarian and poorest state of the planet. However, Koreans from the DPRK are confident that they live in an ideal country.
The total population of the Korean Peninsula is 76 million. Moreover, there are twice as many people in South Korea than in North Korea.
The Japanese monarchy, as is known, in the Second World War took the side of Hitler and was defeated by the forces of the anti-Hitler coalition in 1946. As a result of all these events, Korea has regained its independence.
However, along with independence, American and Soviet troops came to the peninsula, who divided it into two zones of influence. Soon, foreign troops left the Korean Peninsula, and its two parts began to try to unite the country on their own, of course, conditions.
The first armed clashes between the two Koreas began in 1949. A year later, a full-scale war began here. The Southerners were supported by American troops, and by the end of 1950, they jointly seized most of the peninsula.At this time, the Soviet Union and China took the side of the “northerners”, with the result that the war gradually acquired a positional character.
The losses of the parties in the Korean War are estimated differently. Thus, South Korea lost from 1.27 to 1.82 million people in this conflict, North Korea - from 1.86 to 3.82 million, according to various estimates.
South and North Korea today
The Korean Peninsula still remains a “powder keg” on the world map. Nowadays, it is divided into two states by a demarcation line, which is drawn approximately along the 38th parallel. South of it is the Republic of Korea, to the north - North Korea.
Residents of the northern part of the peninsula consider their southern neighbors the occupied US, and do not recognize the existence of the republic. Southerners, in turn, hope that soon they will be able to reunite Korea within its common borders.
But while relations between the two countries remain strained to the limit. Although the DPRK leadership is in international isolation, it regularly conducts tests of nuclear weapons and is building up its army. Minor conflicts and provocations occur constantly in the area of the Korean demarcation line,threatening to destroy the fragile peace on the peninsula and turn it into an arena of new armed clashes (it is possible that with the use of nuclear weapons).
The main attractions of the peninsula
Below we tried to make a list of the ten most interesting and popular sights of the Korean Peninsula. It presents objects from both South Korea and the DPRK:
- the palaces of the royal dynasty of Joseon in Seoul;
- Jongmyo Temple;
- Hwaseong Fortress;
- authentic Korean village Namsangol;
- Buddhist monastery Pulguska;
- extinct volcano Hallasan;
- amusement park "Everland";
- the Korean demarcation line (yes, it is also a popular attraction of world importance!);
- the mausoleum of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang;
- Juche monument (Pyongyang).
Tourism develops, oddly enough, in both republics. But if South Korea attracts tourists with its gorgeous palaces, ancient temples and beautiful parks, then North Korea - with its totalitarian political regime. Many people on our planet want to see with their own eyes how a dictatorial and communist North Korea lives.However, tourist visits to this closed country are strictly regulated and controlled by its authorities.