How to cope with depression?
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Depression is a mental disorder characterized by certain changes in the emotional state of a person. First of all, they are:
- melancholy and depression of mood,
- causeless feeling of fear,
- increased irritability,
- propensity to self-flagellation.
Millions of people around the world suffer from the ongoing depression in one form or another, regardless of their gender, age or social status. Let's talk about how to cure her.
In order to effectively combat any disease, you must first determine the causes of its occurrence.
The causes of depression
The causes of depression are of biological, psychological or social origin.
- Hereditary or external disorders of neurochemical processes in the body, in particular, a decrease in the production of serotonin.
- Acceptance of some medications that can trigger an attack of depression.
- Severe, incurable or chronic diseases, sometimes accompanied by severe pain.
- Special properties of character
- Serious life problems
- Death or loss of a very close person
- Chronic stress due to constant dislocation at home and at work
- Middle age crisis
- Loneliness and lack of friends
- Feeling of life disorder
In the event that the depression is mild, has not passed into the chronic stage and is not caused by any physical diseases, it can be managed independently.
How to cope with depression: tips
Try not to think about the bad
If you tortured everyday troubles,work is not so, everything literally falls from the hands and the problems are growing like a snowball, in no case can you sit alone at home, stupidly look at one point and endlessly scroll in your head all this negative, because this is the direct way to depression . In order to get rid of such obsessive thoughts, cease to engage in an aimless self-study, stop feeling sorry for yourself. Climb, eventually, from the couch and do some useful work. About what else you can do in this situation, you will learn from our article How to get rid of bad thoughts.
Do not save in yourself negative emotions
You can not constantly experience all the troubles in thedepth of the soul. In order not to fall into a deep depression, it is useful to at least sometimes stop restraining your emotions and, as they say, release steam. The easiest and harmless for others to get this kind of discharge is to burst into tears, if it's really unbearably sad and lonely, because tears are known to be one of the most powerful antidepressants, they purify and pacify the soul.
Lead an active lifestyle
Needless to say, sports,walks in nature, hunting, fishing, cycling, dancing, fitness, yoga or aerobics (the list can continue themselves) increase vitality and improve mood. In addition, the banal physical fatigue, which is the natural result of such exercises, relieves of painful thoughts before falling asleep and guarantees a sound healthy night's sleep without bad dreams.
Independently get out of depression sometimes happensextremely difficult. In this case, communication with people can save you. Sign in the sports section, a circle of choral singing or ballroom dancing, look for friends in social networks, become a volunteer charity, ie, try to maximize your social circle. If you basically do not like strangers, and communication with them is painful for you, get yourself a silent four-legged friend.
About what other ways you can deal with depression yourself, read in our articles How to deal with depression and What to do when everything is bad.
Medicine in the fight against depression
If the depression is protracted, itin severe form or caused by biological causes, the implementation of all these recommendations may not be enough to get rid of it. In this case, it will require already full-fledged medical assistance, which includes psychotherapy and medical treatment.
Psychotherapy consists of a course of individual conversations, which is conducted with the patient by a doctor-psychotherapist, as well as in visiting patients with depression group treatment sessions.
Medication is based onthe use of drugs from the group of antidepressants. Such drugs are mandatory appointed by the attending physician. Only a doctor can correctly choose the right drug for a particular patient and determine its dose. Here it is necessary to say that some patients are afraid to take antidepressants because of the prevailing opinion among people that such tablets cause drug dependence (in other words, if you drink them you will become a drug addict). However, such fears are absolutely groundless, as modern antidepressants, unlike previously widely used tranquilizers, such as Relanium or Tazepam, are completely harmless. They effectively relieve the symptoms of depression and at the same time do not cause addiction - you only need to conduct therapy under the supervision of a doctor and take them strictly according to the prescription.