How and what fought in Afghanistan.

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An interesting topic that I could not ignore - what, actually, was the war in Afghanistan in terms of security, training and financing, which was allocated for this adventurethe USSR. And here it is necessary to note a very interesting paradox - there were a lot of tanks, helicopters and airplanes in the country, but at the same time, an ordinary soldier was often not provided with even the most necessary.
This paradox, by the way, is typical in general for countries with a planned economy and manual control, the national economy of such countries is well described by one phrase - "somewhere dense, somewhere empty." Newspapers loudly reported billions of tons of smelted iron and trillions of tons of namolochenny grains, whereas in a simple rural store often there was nothing but black bread, kerosene, matches and books "new building XI five-year plan."
So, in today's post we will see how and how Soviet soldiers fought in Afghanistan. Come under the cat, it's interesting there, andadd friendsDo not forget)
01. What was the war in Afghanistan?
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First, a little about what the war in Afghanistan was all about. For some reason, many imagine some great tank battles, but in fact the Afghan war was a war of small units, often not larger than a company and often without the participation of any heavy military equipment. The fighting went on in say so not intended for this area - among mountain roads, passes and gorges - where the same tanks turned out to be absolutely useless because of the impossibility of maneuvering and firing at highly located targets.
The military tasks of the USSR were as follows: the placement of checkpoints and security outposts at various localities, control over the movement of goods, blocking the supply lines of the Mujahideen, cargo security, "stripping" and counter-guerrilla operations. The Mujahideen, respectively, interfered with all this - attacked outposts, columns of fuel and cargo, ambushed and mined mountain trails.
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A typical episode of the Afghan war is shown, for example, at the beginning of the film "The Afghan Break" - the Mujahideen burn a convoy of Soviet equipment and finish off all who survived.Then, combat helicopters of the USSR arrive at the site of the attack on the convoy, shooting ammunition at the mojaheds and then landing troops.
Among the Soviet troops in the Afghan war, most of all had to be fought, perhaps, by airborne units — all combat operations were carried out mainly by paratroopers; Special Forces units were also formed on the basis of airborne units, the main tasks of which were reconnaissance, convoy escort and interception of supply caravans. Motorized rifle units, tankers, etc. were also in Afghanistan - but mostly either participated in major operations, or stood guarding pipelines, roads, villages, and so on.
02. Shoes, clothes and equipment.
In fact, from the first days of the Afghan war, it became clear that the USSR was not really ready for this war, as there are no clothes, shoes or equipment for conducting combat operations in such an area. All the sixties and seventies, at the height of the Cold War, the USSR was preparing to “liberate Europe from the yoke of capitalism,” and the Soviet army was also sharpened for this task — tanks and armored personnel carriers accumulated in warehouses, and the fighting was presented as follows: soldiers are brought on the front line on armored vehicles, and after artillery preparation, they run into enemy trenches with NATO.
The war in Afghanistan was completely different - the soldiers had to operate in an incredibly hot climate, in mountainous terrain and often completely autonomously - that is, to carry all the weapons and equipment on themselves, to which the Soviet military support was completely unprepared. Because of this, the soldiers of the USSR had to improvise and make their own equipment themselves.
Footwear.
Soviet tarpaulin boots and even later berets turned out to be of little use for hot climates and mountainous terrain - the soldiers threw them away and, as a last resort, wore only in part locations, while going to combat exits in sneakers or sneakers. The sneakers were different, some were imported, for example, Puma or Nike - they were bought in dukans or simply taken on caravans. There were also Soviet sneakers — for example, the Kimry or the Soviet Adidas, which began to be produced in the USSR under a license around the time of the Olympics-80 (just the beginning of the war in Afghanistan).
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The sneakers were great for the hot Afghan climate - although they quickly exploded because of the sharp stones and thorns on the mountain paths.The Soviet "Adidas" had an advantage here, as it was sewn not from fabric or thin leatherette, but from thick suede. By the way, the Lid sneakers, which can now be bought in Belarus and which have become a kind of meme on Belarusian twitter), are almost an exact copy of that very “adidasa”

One day, my friend Ed gave me suede sneakers and said that it was called "Lida sneakers." I put them on, and here bytsam tsud neiki zdaysnіsya, Hadrazu u became u, in summer evenings, nіbyt ptushki letayuts i'm so duhmyana smell of kvetki ry times zhadshes crying i smyaytsts pic.com

- ⭐️Maksim Mirovich (@maxim_nm) April 20, 2018
In addition to sneakers, soldiers in Afghanistan could also wear, in fact, Soviet sneakers like “two balls” - but they were worse because of the thinner sole designed for training in the gym, but not on rocky mountain roads.
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In addition to the usual convenience, running shoes in Afghanistan could also reduce the extent of mine injury. Civilian people find it difficult to imagine such things, but in the Afghan war it mattered - if a soldier stepped on a mine in a lightweight sneaker, then most often the foot simply “flew off”, which made it possible to preserve the knee joint and manage the prosthesis in the future.If a soldier attacked a mine was wearing a high boot or a kersey boot, the leg was often injured along the entire length, which in a hot climate was fraught with the rapid development of gangrene and as a result a complete loss of the leg above the knee ...
Clothing.
Especially in the early stages of the Afghan war, the USSR did not have a normal form suitable for a hot climate - everything that was sewn in the USSR was made of dense fabric, in which in Afghanistan at 50-degree heat it was incredibly hot. In the early stages of the Afghan war, “shuravi” looked like newcomers of their forties - only closer to 82-83 something more or less decent began to appear - the “Afghan” of the new sample began to have a lot of pockets, the fabric became lighter, Panama headwear appeared , and the buttons began to be closed with a cloth strip (so that they would not break off).
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The choice of uniform was relatively special in the units of the special forces (which were equipped slightly better than others) - there was a choice of several "Afghan" options, there were "slide" suits (with hoods, made of thin tent fabric), and also protective GZS suits simply called the "grid":
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According to the regulations, chemical protection forces were equipped with GLC suits, and they were designed for one-time use in the areas contaminated with chemicals, but they were perfectly suited for the hot climate of Afghanistan. Often you could see the Soviet military unit, which looked like a motley collection of some mercenaries - so different samples of uniforms were worn on the soldiers.
Equipment.
If you take a closer look at the photographs of the military from Afghanistan, especially those in which the unit was photographed in combat display - you will see that the Soviet equipment of that era was full of whistles and fakes of homemade products and alterations. Why the Soviet military industry in hundreds of riveted tanks, but could not think of such a simple thing as a discharge vest - for me a big mystery.
In the photo - homemade unloading vests of Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan.
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Cargo jackets in the Afghan jargon were called "bras" and often sewed on their own - often altered from army swimsuits. The swimming vest had sections (filled with something like foam plastic),which just corresponded to the size of machine shops, and after a small revision the vest began to resemble a “unloading”. In the late eighties, the Soviet unloading vests "Belt-A" and "Belt-B" began to appear, but they did not become massive - as conceived by the army authorities, Soviet soldiers had to go with their grandfather’s pouches.
The same applied to the belt belts - standard Soviet belts, buckled on the buckle, were not suitable for Afghanistan at all - if the belt was loaded with loaded pouches, it could be unbuttoned during the transition or right in battle. In addition, the shiny brass buckle in sunny weather was an interfering unmasking element. Part of the special forces took the canvas belts of firefighters - they were protective in color and had reliable clasps.
03. Life in dugouts.
The question of the quartering of troops was an acute problem practically the entire time that a "limited contingent" was in Afghanistan. Soldiers and officers often had to arrange their own life on their own - often they had to literally live in dugouts that they got off the inside with empty shell boxes.Many lived simply in tents - that in conditions of a hot Afghan climate and a large number of insects, scorpions and snakes was still a test.
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More or less decent barracks looked like this - walls were erected from adobe, then a flat roof frame was thrown (most often, from some kind of metal pipes, with a tree in Afghanistan), which was then covered with an awning from tents. The soldiers had to build all this on their own. At best, water and electricity could be supplied at the location of the unit - but this was by no means always.
04. What ate in Afghanistan.
A separate disaster for all those serving in Afghanistan was food — the supply of the Soviet units was very uneven, and often it was necessary to eat literally “what we have to”. Last but not least, this is why many soldiers asked for “combat” - it was possible to get food and sweets on a taken caravan. There were also frequent cases when soldiers bartered or simply stole food from the local population — harvesting melon flowers or driving one or two sheep away from the local flocks.
Hot meals in the arrangements of the parts were three times a day, breakfast, lunch and dinner - however, they could cook devils-that - an empty soup or a liquid porridge, at best with the addition of braised meat.According to the stories of those who served in Afghanistan, the old servicemen did not go to the soldiers' canteen at all, preparing meals on their own from what they could get.
How and what fought in Afghanistan. Afghanistan, all, often, accounted for, war, Afghan, soldiers, Soviet, locality, soldiers, soldiers, combat, who, equipment, also, war, units, could, war, very

For combat operations, designed for several days, or just for some remote outposts, soldiers were given dry rations. The dry ration was very simple and very different from the modern one - in modern suhpay there is chocolate, and vitamin bars, and sweets, and coffee, while the Afghani suhpai looked something like this:
How and what fought in Afghanistan. Afghanistan, all, often, accounted for, war, Afghan, soldiers, Soviet, locality, soldiers, soldiers, combat, who, equipment, also, war, units, could, war, very

Breakfast consisted of galet, canned meat and tea with sugar. Biscuits are something like dry biscuits made from wallpaper (or some other kind) of flour, ordinary canned meat (mostly beef) was called canned meat, and sugar was in the form of two cubes of refined sugar (the same as given in trains and airplanes , there could have been a blue Aeroflot label on the refinery).
Lunch and dinner were the same, except for the fact that the canned food was meat and vegetable - this means that the stew in them was with porridge, most often barley. Opened cans with canned food or a special opener, or (more often) the usual bayonet. Afghanistan really lacked vitamins,greenery and fruit - why many have lost their teeth in Afghanistan for a year or two.
I don’t know about you, but I personally have the impression from all of this thatthe USSRhe was completely unprepared for the war in Afghanistan and it is not clear why she started - just a few elderly politburo leaders made a decision for which the whole country paid millions of funds, and thousands of young guys did not understand what they were killed there ...
Write in the comments what you think about all this.




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