House Nesvitskaya on Smolenskaya - Sennaya


Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Smolenskaya-Sennaya square, house 30
"House Nesvitskoy" (Smolensk-Sennaya, 30). The building has lost a lot in its appearance over the years, but even today it is of significant historical and architectural interest. A slender portico with eight paired columns on a high basement, topped with a pediment with an ornamental sculpture in tympanum, an elegant drawing of capitals and stucco details in niches under the windows - all this allows you to include the building among the interesting examples of classical architecture.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor
The first mention of this territory dates back to the XVIII century. The main building is marked on the plan of Moscow in 1775. At the earliest development plan of the quarter (1777), now occupied by the “Nesvitskaya House”, a stone two-storey house is shown, similar in size and size to the building in question. The house belonged to N. M. Zhelyabuzhsky
In 1794, the territory of the new owner - N. I. Nesvitskaya. With her house underwent restructuring. The author of the idea is the famous architect Kazakov Matvey Fyodorovich.
Drawings of plans for two floors, the facade and section of the “Nesvitskaya house” are placed in Kazakov’s second album
The layout of the building and the composition of its main facade, shown in the drawing, are characteristic of the architecture of a noble mansion of the late 18th century.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

The facade of the "Nesvitskaya house". Drawing from the album M. F. Kazakov
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

"House Nesvitskoy". Incision. Drawing from the album M. F. Kazakov
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

"House Nesvitskoy". 1st floor plan. Drawing from the album M. F. Kazakov
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

"House Nesvitskoy". 2nd floor plan. Drawing from the album M. F. Kazakov
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Chronologically, the next plan is 1804, judging by which, at the beginning of the last century, the possession of Nesvitskaya was a typical “urban estate” for that time, which occupied a vast area opened in the direction of Smolensk-Sennaya Square. The house was traditionally located with a significant distance from the passage, where two symmetrical wooden buildings of services went out, closing the fence of the manor.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

In 1812, the house was badly damaged by fire. Subsequently renovated.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

In 1864, merchant Nikolay Rukavishnikov allocated an amount to create here a shelter for juvenile offenders, the first in Moscow. In 1873, a shelter after a long petition from local residents was named after a merchant, according to a decree of Emperor Alexander II.When Nikolai Vasilyevich died after catching a cold during a walk, then at his funeral there were not only relatives, but also pupils of the orphanage. In order to continue the work of the orphanage, the merchant brothers Ivan and Konstantin bought a house for 120 thousand rubles, which in 1878 became a city institution. In 1879, it was rebuilt according to the project of architect Alexander Ober.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

The interiors have been completely redone. Around 1884, a church in the "Byzantine" style was attached to the eastern facade, and a production building was erected from the north that closed part of the projection of the main facade of the building. Just three decades ago, a four-story administrative building was built on the site, partly built over the southern wall of the “Nesvitskaya House”. Finally, the dark mezzanine floor adapts to housing, for which, on the main facade, there are windows opening up that distort the architectural monument.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

To the rear façade was attached a semicircular modest church, reminiscent of the early Greek temples, which in December 1879 was consecrated to St. Nicholas in honor of this holy
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Temple in the name of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in the Rukavishnikovskiy correctional shelter for juvenile offenders
From now on, for each of the observances, Nikolai Vasilyevich and his mother, who survived their son quite a bit, were commemorated here. From this time on, for many years Konstantin Rukavishnikov, a graduate of Moscow University, a member of the Moscow City Council (1877-1901), a Moscow mayor (1893-1897), a prominent financier and business manager, became the official trustee of the orphanage and its most significant contributor. Shelter life again improved.
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

Temple in the name of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in the Rukavishnikovskiy correctional shelter for juvenile offenders
Nesvitskaya House on Smolenskaya - Sennaya Kazakov, here, Nesvitskaya ”, Nesvitskaya, album, shelter, Nicholas, facade, are placed,“ houses, buildings, main, most, plan, floor Drawing, time, significant, Nikolai, Smolenskaya Sennaya, honor

In 1920, the shelter was closed and communal apartments are located here. After 1945 the house was restored.
In the XXI century there are commercial organizations.

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