Heroes of New Russia, 1918

There were legends about her, they were afraid of her, tried not to meet her eyes. It was rumored that captive youths are brought to her every night, for whom the night of love becomes the last in their lives.
Heroes of Novorossiya, 1918, Nikiforov, Nikiforova, against, Nikiforov, detachment, Taganrog, Kaskina, Makhno, Maria, Mary, power, anarchists, Nestor, Bolshevik, revolutionary, detachment, Marussia, detachment, front, power

Bluebeard in the shape of a woman, the monster of the revolution, the chieftain Marusya Nikiforova with her numerous gang arrived in Taganrog. The calendar was April 1918 ...
The first Marusya was 15 years old, he just told her something offensive, and immediately fell to the ground with his throat cut. No one dared to cross her! She sent many to the next world ...
Desperate courage and a heightened sense of justice led Marus Nikiforova to the camp of anarchist radicals. Here, on the territory of modern Eastern Ukraine, where she was born, Marusya began her bloody journey as a dashing chieftain. Robberies and murders, expropriations and executions with unprecedented cruelty became her trademark.
Within two years of clandestine activities, she managed to throw several bombs - on a passenger train, in a cafe, in a shop. The anarchist often changed her place of residence, hiding from police surveillance.But in the end, the police managed to attack the trail of Maria Nikiforova and detain her. She was arrested, charged with four murders and several robberies, and sentenced to death.
However, like Nestor Makhno, her compatriot, and later her closest ally, Maria Nikiforova, the death penalty was replaced by indefinite hard labor. Most likely, the sentence was due to the fact that at the time of its adoption, Maria Nikiforova, like Makhno, did not reach the age of majority, according to the laws of the Russian Empire, which was occurring at 21 years of age. From the Peter and Paul Fortress, Maria Nikiforova was transferred to Siberia - to the place of departure of the prison, but she managed to escape. Japan, the United States, Spain — these are Mary's travel points before she was able to settle in France, in Paris, where she was actively involved in anarchist activities. During this period, Marusya took part in the activities of anarchist groups of Russian émigrés, but also collaborated with the local anarcho-bohemian environment. It was here that she was fascinated by the ideas of sexual liberation, and communication with prominent anarchists alternated with the unbridled BDSM orgies ...
As soon as the February revolution takes place in Russia, Maria returns to her native Aleksandrovsk, and with bitterness and fury joins the work. Even Nestor Makhno considered her, as they would say today, frostbitten. She killed for no reason for pleasure, her own were afraid of her, and terrible rumors passed from mouth to mouth about the fate of cute young men.
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In the center sits Fedor Shchus, Nikiforova is on his left
Numerous gangs of outlaws plowed the expanses of Elizavetgrad province, but Mary was the first among them. Somehow the Bolsheviks even arrested her in Aleksandrovsk, but thanks to the intercession of Antonov-Ovsienko, with whom Marusia had close relations and a passion for BDSM, they let go.
With a gang of 300 bayonets in January 1918, the legendary chieftain takes Elisavetgrad. The city washed in blood, killed and robbed indiscriminately, and the townspeople greeted the news of the approaching Germans as a gift of fate.
When the Kaiser troops approached, the whole Bolshevik-anarchist bastard moved east.
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In Taganrog, they occupied the best mansions, and Taganrog itself became for a time the capital of revolutionary gangster Ukraine.
The Central Election Commission of the Soviets of Ukraine is located in one of the best buildings in the city on ul. Frunze, 41, the former palace of Alferaki.
Heroes of Novorossiya, 1918, Nikiforov, Nikiforova, against, Nikiforov, detachment,Taganrog, Kaskina, Makhno, Maria, Mary, power, anarchists, Nestor, Bolshevik, revolutionary, detachment, Marussia, detachment, front, power

On the threshold of this house Nikiforov was arrested
She arrived in Taganrog and Marusya Nikiforova. On a dashing tachanka, surrounded by her thugs, she was driving around the city, firing at passers-by for fun, visiting the houses she liked, and picking up everything she liked. Rumors about her love joys, ending in the death of young partners, went around the city.
The city froze in anticipation of fear. The Bolsheviks did not want to so easily give power to the bespredelschikam anarchists, they appealed to Nestor Makhno, who arrived in Taganrog, but he could not cope with the insane chieftain. And then a large detachment of the Bolshevik, and also a criminal, Kaskin, was called to the city.
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Makhno, behind him F. Schus
Nestor Makhno recalls:
... it was a time when Lenin and Trotsky unleashed completely, defeated anarchist organizations in Moscow, declared a campaign against anarchists in other cities and villages. The left-wing Social Revolutionaries in the center did not oppose this. That is why the Ukrainian Bolshevik-Left-Socialist-Revolutionary government hurried to act against the anarchist Nikiforova detachment, which found itself with their Red Guard detachments in Taganrog.
The Ukrainian government ordered its Red Guard detachment under the command of Bolshevik Kaskin, who had fled from the front, to arrest the anarchist Maria Nikiforova and disarm her detachment. Kaskin's soldiers arrested Maria Nikiforova before my eyes in the building of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviets. When she was taken out of this building in the presence of the notorious Bolshevik Zatonsky, Maria Nikiforova turned to him for an explanation: why was she arrested? Zatonsky hypocritically rejected: "I do not know why." Nikiforova called him a vile hypocrite. So, Nikiforova was arrested and her unit disarmed.
However, Nikiforova’s detachment did not disperse and did not go to serve in the detachment of the Bolshevik Kaskin. He insistently demanded an answer from the authorities, where they hid Maria Nikiforova and disarmed him.
All his retreats from Ukraine to Taganrog and Taganrog anarchists joined this demand. The Taganrog Committee of the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party supported the anarchists and the fighters of the Nikiforova detachment.
I hurriedly sent a telegram to the commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Red Front, Antonov-Ovseenko, for my and Maria Nikiforov’s signature, requesting his opinion about the detachmentanarchist Maria Nikiforova and a request to make an order where it should be in order to free Nikiforova, return her weapons to the detachment and indicate the area of ​​the military front where the detachment should go after receiving her weapons and equipment.
Heroes of Novorossiya, 1918, Nikiforov, Nikiforova, against, Nikiforov, detachment, Taganrog, Kaskina, Makhno, Maria, Mary, power, anarchists, Nestor, Bolshevik, revolutionary, detachment, Marussia, detachment, front, power

Antonov-Ovseenko, Commander-in-Chief, answered our telegram to the authorities who settled in Taganrog, with a copy to us at the Federation of Anarchists. The telegram was purely businesslike nature of an experienced commander:
“The anarchist detachment Maria Nikiforova, like Comrade Nikiforov, is well known to me. Instead of disarming such revolutionary combat units, I would advise you to create them.” (Sign.)
At the same time, many telegrams protesting against the actions of the authorities or simply sympathizing with Nikiforova and her detachment came to Taganrog from the front from reputable Bolshevik, Left Socialist-Revolutionary and anarchist groups and their commanders.
The Yekaterinoslavsky (Bryansk) anarchist armored train, commanded by the anarchist Garin, arrived in Taganrog to express his revolutionary protest to the presumptuous, behind the revolutionary front, the authorities.
Clouds were gathering over the city, everyone was expecting a bloody clash between two gangs.
Yet the trial of Maria Nikiforova took place.
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Nestor Makhno continues:
In the twentieth of April a revolutionary trial of Maria Nikiforova took place. By party affiliation, the court was represented by two left-wing socialist revolutionaries of the Taganrog Federation, two Bolshevik-communists of the Taganrog organization and one Bolshevik-communist from the central Bolshevik-Left Socialist-Revolutionary government in Ukraine.
The trial took place with open doors and bore the character of a court of revolutionary honor. It should be noted here that the left-wing socialist revolutionaries have revealed themselves as impartial towards the accused Nikiforova as merciless about the authorities as prosecutors-agents.
The central government recruited from among the fugitives a mass of witnesses against Nikiforova, trying to hook her by a hook and hook by hook or by crook. But the court was truly revolutionary, impartial and, most importantly, politically and legally, for the most part completely independent of the provocation of government hired agents.
The court used as witnesses many of the free visitors to the meeting room, giving the proceedings of this case almost the character of a rostrum, from which everything could be spoken freely.
I remember how today: Comrade Garin appeared before the court one of those who knew Nikiforov and her detachment on the front. In a hot speech, he told the judges and all the citizens who were present at the trial that he is convinced that “if Comrade Nikiforova is sitting in the dock now, it is only because she sees direct revolutionaries in most judges and believes that, coming from court, she will get her weapon and her squad back and go to fight against the counter-revolution. If she didn’t believe in it and would have foreseen that the revolutionary court would follow in the footsteps of the government and its provocateurs, then I would know and declare on behalf of the whole team of the armored train that we would have freed her by force ... ”
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This statement Garin outraged the revolutionary judges. Nevertheless, they told him that the court had been formed on the basis of complete independence from the authorities and would bring the matter to its logical conclusion. If Maria Nikiforova is found guilty, she will get hers from those who arrest herIf the data against her prove to be incorrect, the court will take all measures to ensure that Nikiforova gets her weapons and equipment and leaves Taganrog to the front or where she wants ...
As a result of the trial, the court ruled that there was no reason to convict Nikiforov for robbery of Elisavetgrad. The court decided to immediately release her from custody and, returning to her and her detachment, the weapons and equipment selected by the Kaskin detachment, provide her with an opportunity to form a train and go to the front, especially since she and her detachment are striving for this.
The next day Nikiforova was already in the Federation of Taganrog anarchists. We issued a leaflet signed by the council of anarchists, which denounced the central Ukrainian Bolshevik government and commander Kaskin in falsifying the case against Nikiforova and hypocritically mean attitude towards the revolution itself. This leaflet was written by me personally and was not approved by some of the comrades for its sharpness against Kaskin.
Then, while the Nikiforova detachment was being formed, I, Nikiforova and one comrade from the Taganrog Federation organized a number of large rallies on behalf of the federation: at the Taganrog tannery and metallurgical works, in the city center, at the Apollo Theater and in other parts of the city.The theme of the rallies was: "Protecting the revolution on the front against expeditionary counter-revolutionary, German-Austro-Hungarian armies and the Ukrainian Central Rada and in the rear — against the reaction of the government, which is strong in the rear and helpless at the front." Everywhere, on posters and at rallies, I spoke under the pseudonym "Modest" (my pseudonym in penal servitude). In this matter, at many meetings we were supported by the Taganrog Left Social Revolutionaries. We had tremendous success.
I remember that Bolshevik “celebrities” Bubnov and Kaskin from one of the Social Revolutionaries of the “center” came to one of the rallies (at the tannery). With what disappointment the Bolsheviks were forced to stop their speeches and shout, stomping their feet at thousands of workers, when the masses shouted: “Enough to fill us with questions! We ask Comrade Modest to the rostrum, he will answer you! .. ”When I answered mainly Bubnov (Nikkiforova answered Kaskina), the masses of workers booed Bubnov and Kaskin, shouting:
"Modest Comrade, drive them from the podium."
After the Taganrog rally speeches Nikiforova took up the preparation of her detachment to speak to the front.
Nikiforova left the city, and was shot dead a year later in the Crimea.
Nestor Makhno managed to hold a conference in Taganrog ...
And residents of the city of Taganrog breathed a sigh of relief when, a week after the events described, on May 1, 1918, the occupying German troops entered the city. Taganrog met them as deliverers.

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