Erosion of the cervix, effects, manifestation and diagnosis
Quite often, for various reasons, womenare subject to certain diseases in the field of gynecology. One of them is erosion of the cervix, the consequences of which can be very serious. But quite often some women do not rush to resort to treatment. Untimely application of measures can lead to the most unpleasant results. Let's take a closer look.
What is cervical erosion?Causes of occurrence.
The consequences of ignoring this disease canto develop into an oncological form. That is why I would like to note initially that identification and treatment at the earliest possible stage will help to avoid such consequences. This disease is the cause of the violation of the entire surface of the mucous membrane of the cervix, which, in turn, connects the vaginal cavity with the uterus. Causes may be different:
- trauma of the cervix, which can be caused by abortion, childbirth, coarse sexual intercourse;
- infectious diseases (sexually transmitted infections);
- hormonal disorders;
- malignant diseases;
- intrauterine contraceptives;
- viral diseases of the genital tract
These items should be considered during the treatment of cervical erosion. This will help to speed up the healing process.
Consequences of cervical erosion
What threatens erosion of the cervix? If the disease is neglected and the necessary treatment is inadequate, it can develop into a tumor. Moreover, the tumor can form both malignant and benign, but, in any case, this requires very serious attention. If a tumor occurs, accordingly, the treatment will be deeper, taking a long time and requiring considerable financial costs.
That is why a timely visita gynecologist who can detect the presence of the disease at the earliest stage is considered mandatory. After all, this way you can prevent the most negative consequences of erosion of the cervix. As for early detection, it is often possible to manage outpatient treatment.
Manifestation of the disease
Most often, erosion of the cervix, the consequenceswhich is described above, does not appear. It can be detected only with a preventive examination by a gynecologist. In rare cases, after sexual intercourse, the disease can cause scarce spotting.
Diagnosis of cervical erosion
As mentioned earlier, the disease is possibleTo reveal only at survey at the gynecologist. This can be done with a routine examination, with colposcopy, using a mirror. Colposcopy is done with the help of a special device (colposcope) by the way of introduction into the cervix of the uterus.
In addition, a histologicalresearch, since erosion of the cervix is a manifestation of precancerous diseases. This procedure is painless, during which a small scraping is done from the area of the mucous neck. In addition, for detailed diagnosis, tests for the presence of sexual infections are needed. All this is necessary in order that erosion of the cervix, the consequences of which may turn out to be negative, did not go to the neglected stage.
The following diagnostic methods are used:
- Gynecological examination;
- Schiller's test (consists in staining the neck with a special solution for detecting malignant cells);
- Research on STIs;
- Biopsy (taking tissue from a specific area of the cervix);
- Cytological examination (smear from the cervical mucosa);
- MRI, angiography, CT (made with suspicion of oncological diseases);
- Ultrasound (necessary for the detection of pathological diseases)
All of the above methods are used invarious situations, depending on the results of the gynecological examination. And remember that erosion of the cervix, the consequences of which can threaten cancer, requires timely diagnosis.