Echoes kg (echocardiography) is a type of ultrasound. It is used in the study of the heart and blood vessels and the determination of internal blood flow.
Ultrasound equipment for Echokg allow to see the work of cardiac structures in real time. At the same time, it is possible to calculate the blood flow velocity in the main vessels, the size of the heart, and also to determine the pressure in the cardiac cavities using computerized processing of the indices.
Echoes kg is prescribed for acquired and congenitaldefects (anomalies in the development of the interventricular or interatrial septum and others), atherosclerosis, acute myocardial infarction and its consequences, coronary artery disease, cardiac pain of different etiology, pericardial diseases, angina pectoris, infective endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, cardiac tumors. The study can be conducted for preventive purposes.
Of particular importance is the Echo kg in diagnosing children's heart diseases, especially against the background of intensive development of the child's body.
This method of ultrasoundis a modern way to identify cardiovascular diseases in the early stages and disorders of fat metabolism (hypertension, ischemia, myocardial disease). With the use of echocardiography, differential diagnosis of various heart rhythm disorders is performed, as well as the selection of optimal antiarrhythmic therapy. This study is indispensable in carrying out recovery activities and monitoring patients who have suffered angioplasty of the arteries, myocardial infarction or cardiac valve prosthetic surgery. With the help of echocardiography, doctors evaluate the role of provoking factors (overweight, smoking, hypodynamia, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure) in the progression of IHD.
It should be noted that such echocardiographyis the only one that allows to identify congenital malformations in the development of the heart, as well as the disorder of its rhythm in prenatal development. After childbirth, it allows you to diagnose a surgical correction or incompatible with life pathology.
Echoes of the fetus can be carried out from the twentieth weekpregnancy. The study is mandatory in the event that previously there were miscarriages, as well as undeveloped pregnancies, children born before, the father or mother have a congenital heart defect. In addition, echocardiography is necessary in the presence of diseases of connective tissue (lupus erythematosus), chronic viral infection of the genitourinary system (cytomegalovirus, herpes, chlamydia, Coxsackie, ureaplasmosis and others), influenza, as well as when taking medications (antibiotics, antihypertensive agents , indomethacin) in the first trimester. The study is also conducted by primiparous women over the age of thirty-five.
Echocardiogram of the fetus is carried out in the casedetection of irregular episodes of rhythm, delayed developmental syndrome, chromosomal and extracardiac pathology, dropsy of non-immune genesis, with deviations in the parameters of the fetoplacental blood flow.
It should be noted that this methoddiagnosis is considered over the past twenty years as one of the main ways of visualizing the heart. Echocardiography makes it possible to assess the thickness of the heart walls, the size of the cavities of the organ, the presence of scars and intracardiac thrombi, contractility, function and condition of the valves. The study is safe, painless. For its conduct, special preparation is not required.