Diseases of rabbits - symptoms and treatment
As you know, the disease is always easier to avoid than later to cure it. Not an exception and the disease of rabbits, most of which are the result of mistakes in the care of animals.
In order not to enter into the management of the pathogeninfections, it is necessary to strictly observe an easy and quite logical rule: to arrange a three-week quarantine for newly acquired individuals. If during this time all newcomers will remain healthy, they can be attached to the basic composition, but in separate cells.
Cleaning and disinfection of all cells and equipmentshould be carried out regularly, in addition, unscheduled treatments are needed before sex or a change of cells by a rabbit. Healthy animals are mobile, have a vigorous appearance, their appetite is normal, the wool shines and is not disheveled. At an average temperature of the ambient air, they breathe at a frequency of 50-60 times per minute, the pulse is 120-160 strokes over the same period of time. The normal body temperature is +38.5 - 39.5 degrees.
Not all diseases of rabbits are amenable to treatment, and ifhealing and perhaps, it is not always appropriate. Thus, animals with a contagious rhinitis, ringworm, mastitis and other rapidly spreading diseases are subjected to slaughter. Otherwise, the losses can be too great. However, most of the ailments and infections can be defeated.
Non-infectious rabbit diseases: symptoms and treatment
The most common diseases of rabbitsare associated with the gastrointestinal tract. Suffer them and the kids 20-30 days old, and adults. Rabbits may be too early to start eating roughage if the rabbit does not have enough milk. Unprepared stomachs do not withstand the load, and inflammation begins. In adults, such problems are associated with poor-quality feed or non-hygiene maintenance.Bloating and diarrhea, alternating withconstipation, can lead to death in a couple of days. This condition is treated with a starvation diet for 12-20 hours, after which only soft food is given for food. With diarrhea appointed synthomycin, with constipation - glauberovu salt. Tympania (swelling) is treated with ichthyol.
It is not uncommon for group maintenance in rabbits andinjuries: wounds, bruises and fractures. Small bruises go by themselves, fractures of limbs, too, can grow together independently. Wounds most often lead to death, so it is better to kill the animal when injured, as with a fracture of the spine. When keeping outside, in unheated cells, frostbite of the ears is possible. The affected areas are ground, the animals are moved to heat. In the summer, in the heat, there can be heat strokes - in this case, on the contrary, coolness is needed. If convulsions have already begun, it is useless to cool the rabbit, it must be urgently hammered. Content in drafts is the cause of such a disease of rabbits as the common cold. It is expressed in coughing, sneezing, and runny nose. Screws are eliminated, in the nose, animals are digested with furatsilin and improve feeding. Slaughtered rabbits suffering from non-communicable diseases are used for meat without restrictions.
Infectious diseases of rabbits and their treatment
The most dangerous of rabbit infections -myxomatosis. In most cases, sick animals die. Isolate the nodular form of the disease, the main symptom of which are tumor-pea, and edematous - with it, single entities merge into large edema. Appearance of growths is accompanied by inflammation of the eyes. This is a very contagious infection, especially if there are bloodsucking parasites in the surrounding space. Sick animals are killed and immediately burned together with the skin. Even after recovering, the rabbit will remain the carrier of the virus, which is dangerous for the rest of the population. After myxomatosis, a total disinfection is carried out on the farm.
Pasteurellosis, also known as infectious rhinitis. Symptoms: temperature to +41 degrees, purulent discharge from the nose, sneezing, lethargy. Sometimes the disease is accompanied by diarrhea. Treatment: in the nose drip furatsilin or penicillin. After the symptoms disappear, the animals are killed after 20 days, as they remain carriers of the virus. Meat can be eaten. If the rabbit does not recover after 2 weeks of treatment, it is hammered as hopeless. Meat is cooked for animal feed for at least an hour.
Stomatitis infectious. In rabbits, the mucous lips, tongue andnose, then covered with a white bloom. Salivation increases. The skin on the lower jaw becomes inflamed, the hair falls out. Immediately begun treatment reduces the duration of the disease to a couple of days. Affected areas of the mucosa are treated with a 2% aqueous solution of copper sulfate, or grind half a tablet of streptocid and cover the rabbit in the mouth, repeat after 9-10 hours. When the form is started, both methods are used simultaneously.
Infectious mastitis. The lactating females are ill at the beginning of lactation: the udder is inflamed. Only a veterinarian can treat mastitis. If the disease is started - the rabbit is slaughtered, the meat is boiled for an hour and allowed to be fed to animals.
Also, rabbits may haveskin parasitesandscabies. Scabies are treated with turpentine, lice are excreted with dust from mashed leaves of tobacco and naphthalene in equal parts or DDT.