Coprogram: decoding laboratory research
What is a laboratory test like a coprogram? Decoding this analysis will be described in detail in this article. In addition, we will talk about what diseases can be identified on the basis of such studies and how to properly collect material for its further delivery to the laboratory.
What is a coprogram? Decoding this analysis includes several positions. But more about that later. As is known, a coprogram is a study of feces, which is conducted to identify its chemical, physiological and microscopic composition. Thanks to this analysis, specialists are able to accurately determine the absence or presence of any pathological phenomena, make a diagnosis, and regularly monitor the development of the process and the effectiveness of the selected treatment.
What diseases are detected?
Coprogram in children and adults allows to identify the following pathological phenomena:
- disorders of the digestive tract;
- the phenomenon of accelerated evacuation of contents from the intestine or stomach;
- malfunctions in organs such as the pancreas, intestines and liver;
- the presence of inflammation in the digestive tract.
Proper material collection for coprogram
In order for the coprogram (decoding will be described below) to show the most correct result, the following preparatory procedures are required:
- If a laboratory study is conducted to identify hidden blood, then it is necessary to exclude from the diet foods and medicines that can have a direct impact on it. These ingredients include tomatoes, fish, meat, as well as green vegetables, greens and fruits.
- It is necessary to abandon the use of drugs that affect the work of the digestive tract. This is especially true of newborns to whom parents give special preparations to eliminate colic.
- To conduct a laboratory test of feces, it is necessary to collect the morning material, which must be placed in a dry and clean container. It should also be noted that during the intake it is extremely important to ensure that urine or other secretions do not enter the feces.
- 3-5 days before the immediate analysis, it is recommended to follow a special diet, which should consist of dairy products, potatoes, butter, eggs and white bread.
After delivery of the material, the patient should wait 1-2 days to receive tests. As a rule, only a paper with results is handed to the patient. After that, he needs to consult a doctor who, based on his knowledge and experience, will be able to determine whether there are pathological processes in his patient’s body or not. But if for some reason you cannot immediately visit the doctor, we will present the decoding of the research data below.
This position is the main one in such research as coprogram. The norm in children and adults who are on a mixed diet should be neutral or slightly alkaline (that is, a pH of about 6-7.7).A pronounced alkaline environment is observed when proteins rot (for example, undigested food residues in the intestine or stomach). The acidic environment can be in case of impaired absorption of fatty acids in the small intestine.
In the feces of a healthy child such an element should not be. If it is found, it indicates bleeding in the region of the large and small intestine, as well as inflammatory phenomena.
If red blood cells were detected in the feces, this indicates the presence of internal bleeding. As a rule, such a deviation occurs in polyposis, ulcers, etc. In this case, the reaction to the “hidden” blood must be strictly negative. The presence of white cells indicates any inflammatory process in the digestive tract.
Normally, this substance can be present only in the feces of a child who is not yet 3 months old. In adults and adolescents, the normal bacterial flora is formed in the gastrointestinal tract, where only stercobilinogen stercobilin should be present.
Such elements can be modified and unchanged. Normally, the feces should contain only altered muscle fibers.The discovery of others suggests violations of the pancreas and stomach.
Cellulose, which was digested, is usually not found in the feces, as it splits under the influence of microflora. If there is undigested fiber in the masses, it means that the person has consumed too many products in which it is located.
In the feces of a healthy person, this substance is observed only in the form of soaps, fatty acids and their crystals, which are in small quantities. If there are many such elements, this indicates dysfunction of the pancreas, biliary tract or liver.
In the feces of a healthy person, this substance is absent. After all, its presence indicates a poor digestion of carbohydrates, which is observed due to disrupted pancreas or during fermentation dyspepsia.
In feces, it should be present in small quantities or absent altogether. Iodophilic microorganisms (sticks, yeast cells or cocci) do not represent a sign of any disease, but they are evidence of a violation of the intestinal microflora.
Present microorganisms also speak of a violation of the intestinal microflora. If they are found in large quantities, it is recommended to carry out anti-mycotic therapy.