"Black Avengers": a gang that kept all of Moscow in fear

Saban (the leader of the gang of "black avengers" called himself) hated the police and the rich. First he blamed for the years spent behind bars. The second was the object of hunting, which should be despised. Three years, a gang of Nikolai Safonov kept in fearMoscow. During this time, the criminals managed to enrich themselves in an amount exceeding 4 million rubles, and killed more than 30 people. The “avengers” especially liked to make ostentatious mass executions. It became their distinguishing feature, a kind of business card. The magazine "Amateur" recalls about the most cruel grouping in the history of the USSR.
(Attention! The photos of the gang members and their victims were not preserved, therefore the illustrations used in the material are associated with this story only by the era.)
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Saban and his gang
In 1917, Nikolai Safonov came to the conclusion that now is the best time to implement a long-standing idea - the creation of a gang.Saban at this point had six convictions and was considered a dangerous recidivist. In creating the gang he was actively assisted by a criminal named Captain. Both gangsters had a great experience in thefts and armed raids. Therefore, the captain became the main assistant Safonov.
The gang quickly grew, filled with new recidivists. Soon, under the command of Saban, more than three dozen people “worked,” which made Safonov the leader of almost the largest criminal organization in Moscow. He managed to recruit and the former officer, who helped the leader of the councils. He lined up for the bandits tactical schemes of armed raids. By the way, the gang was distinguished by a good organization with a clear distribution of roles. Some were responsible for reconnaissance, others for capture, others for cover, and fourths for withdrawal. For any disobedience to the order, Nikolai Safonov shot the man personally in front of his accomplices.
“Black Avengers”: a gang that kept all Moscow gangs at bay, time, criminals, Saban, rubles, Safonov, order, killed, thousands, After, decided, succeeded, robbery, nickname, Nikolai, more, policemen, gangsters, criminal , person

Gangsters began with robbing the mansion. Mining amounted to about 200 thousand rubles. This was followed by an attack on a certain manufacturer Ivanova. Here the bandits waited for a richer catch - 1.5 million rubles.After the robbery, the criminals killed Ivanov and his entire family. They shared the loot in the country house located in Sokolniki.
Of course, law enforcement agencies began an active search for the gang, but for a long time their attempts to get on the trail of criminals ended in failure. Moreover, once Safonov decided to show the people of Moscow who is the real owner of Moscow. Together with one of his accomplices, he showed up at the police station. Having introduced himself, he began shooting at the policemen with pistols, and then demonstrated the bomb. The frightened guards fled, and the contented offender went to his lair.
Nikolai often said to his comrades-in-arms that he hates the police because his best years were spent behind bars and in prison.
“Black Avengers”: a gang that kept all Moscow gangs at bay, time, criminals, Saban, rubles, Safonov, order, killed, thousands, After, decided, succeeded, robbery, nickname, Nikolai, more, policemen, gangsters, criminal , person

In 1919, Saban decided to take a "vacation" and for some time to stop the robbery. Instead, he and his accomplices began a hunt for law enforcement officials. In January, they killed 16 guards. The scheme was simple. By car, the criminals drove up to the law enforcement officer and asked him something. When the guard was approaching, they shot. After the death of several police officers in Moscow rumors spreadabout some "black avengers". The guards, fearing for their lives, began to refuse to go on duty one by one. Once Murovtsi were close to the capture of Safonov. They organized an ambush in which the criminal has got into. But he managed to escape, injuring one policeman.
On April 26, 1919, the guards managed to arrest the Captain. The offender, fleeing persecution, tried to hide in the building of the Bolshoi Theater. But he did not succeed.
“Black Avengers”: a gang that kept all Moscow gangs at bay, time, criminals, Saban, rubles, Safonov, order, killed, thousands, After, decided, succeeded, robbery, nickname, Nikolai, more, policemen, gangsters, criminal , person

Saban grieved over the arrest of the accomplice and friend and decided to temporarily escape from Moscow. He went to the small town of Lebedyan, Lipetsk Region, to visit relatives, hoping to sit out there. One day, a quarrel arose between Saban and relatives, turning into a scuffle. Saban killed the entire family of his sister, consisting of eight people, including children. The neighbors who heard the screams from the house managed to grab the leader of the gang and, despite the demands of the authorities to do everything according to the law, killed Safonov. Sabana literally trampled.
Liquidation of the gang
After the arrest of Captain and the death of Safonov, Pavel Morozov, better known as Pasha Novoderevensky, seized power in the gang. He continued the work of Saban.Morozov, in order to improve the financial situation of the gang, decided to rob the cashier of the Bogatyr factory. For several days, the criminals were engaged in reconnaissance, and then attacked. Their production amounted to 660 thousand rubles.
After that they attacked the artel worker and the policeman guarding him. After killing people, the criminals seized 150 thousand rubles. Then there was a raid on Isayev’s house. Bandits enriched by 100 thousand rubles. During the robbery, they killed the man and his family.
“Black Avengers”: a gang that kept all Moscow gangs at bay, time, criminals, Saban, rubles, Safonov, order, killed, thousands, After, decided, succeeded, robbery, nickname, Nikolai, more, policemen, gangsters, criminal , person

The gang even managed to attack Vladimir Ilyich Lenin himself. Here is the report of the criminal section of the Moscow Emergency Committee:
“In January 1919, on the Sokolniki highway near the Krasnokholmsky bridge, Koshelkov and his associates Zaitsev, nicknamed Vaska-chauffeur, Volkov nicknamed Konek, Kirillov, nicknamed Lenka Sapozhnik, stopped the car in which Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars, stopped. The gunmen took a car from Lenin at gunpoint, a revolver of the average Browning system, documents and disappeared.
At the Yaroslavsky railway station of the Wallets, examining the selected things, he established according to the documents that the victim he had robbed was Lenin, and immediately ordered to go back in order to kill the chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars, however, t.Lenin was already out of danger at that time, in the building of the Sokolnichesky Council. ”
The geography of raids at Morozov expanded. The criminals wielded not only in the capital itself. For example, in the village of Globovo of the Bogorodsky district, which belonged to the Moscow province, they attacked the house of a wealthy person. Having settled with him and his family, Morozov gave the command to return to the city.
“Black Avengers”: a gang that kept all Moscow gangs at bay, time, criminals, Saban, rubles, Safonov, order, killed, thousands, After, decided, succeeded, robbery, nickname, Nikolai, more, policemen, gangsters, criminal , person

Gradually, the affairs of the gang began to go worse. One after another, the criminals began to arrest the police. One of them told Moors about the existence of a new leader, Morozov. From the arrested guards learned about his concubine. An ambush was arranged in her apartment. True, they managed to arrest another gangster - Sergei Kapustin, who told the police about the location of the leader. But it was not possible to catch him. But in a short time were arrested almost all the bandits from the old, still Safonov "appeal."
Morozov had to urgently patch holes. This is what let him down. In the gang he took all indiscriminately, with which the "veterans" who remained at liberty did not agree. And once, while dividing his loot, Ivan Barabanov killed him.But soon the Murovtsy came to a weakened gang and managed to arrest everyone. Later, the criminals were sentenced to death.

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